Post by Peter Stewart Post by The Hoorn
According to Stewart Baldwin's Henry Project, Constance of Arles, wife of King
Robert of France (996–1031) "last occurs in a securely dated document from
Provence with her mother (Adélaïde alias Blanche of Anjou, wife of Guillaume I
(or II), count of Provence (Arles)) and brother in a charter for Montmajour dated
in August 1001 [“in mense Augusto…Indictione XIV”, “signum Adalax Comitissæ et
filii sui Willelmi Comitis et filiæ suæ Constantiæ, qui hanc Chartam facere
jusserunt”, quoted in RHF 10:569.
In reviewing RHF 10:569, no reference is given to the primary source document.
Did this appear in any printed version of the charter in its entirety or is
there a manuscript number and repository where one can view the document?
I'm afraid not, Hans - the original charter is no longer extant, and at the
time I wrote the Henry Project page for Constance there was no closer
approximation available to me than the brief quotation in RHF 10.
Due to disgraceful negligence on the part of Gallica (and, less reprehensibly,
of Google Books' partner libraries too) the highly important history of
Montmajour that provides the only published edition of this charter I know of
is not yet digitised - this is 'Histoire de Montmajour, d'après Dom Chantelou,
avec documents inédits', edited by Scipion du Roure in a supplement to *Revue
historique de Provence* 1 (1890-1891), in which this charter is on pp. 70-71 as
cited by Georges de Manteyer in *La Provence du premier au douzième siècle*
(1908) p. 257 note 1 (where the date is not quoted).
The charter may be edited also in Louis Royer's thesis *L'abbaye de Montmajour-
lez-Arles du Xe au XVe siècle* (Ecole des chartes, 1910), but I haven't seen
this, and given that the document had been published not long before I doubt
that it was included.
Meanwhile the closest approximation I can find now is a summary of the charter
in *Monasticon Benedictinum*, tome 29 (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, ms latin
12686) fol 13r, here: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10520063g/f33.
A manuscript copy of Chaude Chantelou's history of Montmajour (Arles, Médiathèque, MS 164) is available online - the transcription of this charter is on pp. 82-83, here:
or at least I think these are the right links, but the website is cumbersome and my internet speed and patience are not up to the task of waiting to check. I viewed it in "turn the pages" mode but can't provide a link that way. In any case it adds little to the summary version on Gallica linked above.
In this copy the transcription is clumsily inaccurate at the start, with Guillaume's name in the genitive instead of nominative and Constance ostensibly as his daughter rather than Adelaide's, "Ego in Dei nomen Adalax comitissa, et filius meus Willelmi [sic] comes, et filia sua [sic] Constantia".