2020-07-27 16:03:35 UTC
There is a fair amount of confusion surrounding the Paynell family of Boothby, Lincolnshire and Sproxton, Leicestershire and the Paynell family of Knaptoft, Leicestershire during the 14th and early 15th century. Most of the confusion stems from the often-cited pedigree of Gobion and Turpin in Nichol's History and Antiquities of Leicestershire [a].
As noted by Serjeantson in A history of the Church of St. Giles, Northampton, the two families are quite distinct [b]. Serjeantson also notes the different arms: gules two chevrons argent for Paynell of Boothby and gules a cross patonce argent for Paynell of Knaptoft.
Paynell of Botolphbridge, Boothby and Sproxton
(1) Ralph Paynell fl. 1317 [c], named in a fine as the father of:
(2) John Paynell fl. 1317, husband of Agnes [c]. His connection to the next generation is based upon the 1338 fine which describes John as the son of John Paynell of Botheby [d].
(3) Sir John Paynell fl. 1338 [d], died 25 July 1349 [e]. He married Cecily [d, e] who subsequently married Thomas de Botheby [e]. He was granted free warren of the land at Botheby and Sproxton on 20 October 1346 [f].
(4) Sir John Paynell, named as son and heir in his father's inquisition post mortem [e], born 2 May 1345 [g], died after 14 November 1417 [h]. He married (1) Elizabeth fl. 1406 [i]. He married (2) Christine Ashby [j, k]. He made a settlement of his lands in 1369 [l]. The record of the settlement, in which he is described as John Paynell of Botheby by Billesfeld, includes Sir John Paynell of Knaptoft as one of the witnesses [l]. On 17 October 1390, the 1346 grant to his father of land at Boothby and at Sproxton was confirmed [m].
(5) Geoffrey Paynell, described in a fine of 1406 as the son of Sir John Paynell and Elizabeth [i], member of parliament for Rutland in 1416 and Leicestershire in 1432 [n]. He died 14 February 1437 [o].
At this point, the narrative is clouded by family allegations of incest [p] and attempts by Geoffrey Paynell to challenge his father's second marriage to Christine Ashby [k]. Sources state that Sir John Paynell junior had either an incestuous daughter Margaret [p], or a son John who had a daughter Margaret [k]. In each case, it appears to be common ground that she was the heiress of her brother Thomas who died s.p. c. 1431. She was the wife of John Dene of Barrowby [q], not 'Dines a weaver' as stated by Leland [p]. A possible, and perhaps more likely, explanation is that Thomas and Margaret were the children of Sir John Paynell junior by his second marriage to Christine Ashby.
John Dene and Margaret his wife were parties to a fine in 1432 involving the manor of Barrowby under which, in default of heirs, the remainder accrued to Geoffrey Paynell [r].
The pedigree of Gobion and Turpin [a] shows Margaret Paynell as the husband first of Thomas Kynnesman and second as the husband of John Dene. This is not consistent with the devolution of Knaptoft and, in particular, the 1428 fine involving the manor of Knaptoft and Thomas Kynnesman and his wife Agnes as querents [s].
Paynell of Knaptoft
The sources for this family are much sparser. It is clear that Knaptoft came to the family through the marriage of:
(1) Thomas Paynell and Elizabeth Gobion, daughter of Richard Gobion and Margery. Hawise Gobion, wife of Ralph Botiller and elder sister of Elizabeth, released her claims to Knaptoft and other properties inherited from Richard Gobion by fines dated 1311 and 1313 [t, u].
(2) Sir John Paynell of Knaptoft, fl. 1369 [j], presumably the son of Thomas Paynell and Elizabeth Gobion. He adopted the style Sir John Paynell Gobion [b]. He was, perhaps, the husband of Margaret Bozon as shown in the Nichols pedigree [a].
(3) John Paynell Gobion, Lord of Knaptoft, so described in two cases for debt in 1392-1394 [v, w]. As John Paynell alias Paynell Gobion of Knaptoft, he was pardoned in 1399 for failure to appear in a suit for debt [x]. He was, perhaps, the husband of Margaret de Annesley as shown in the Nichols pedigree [a].
(4) Sir John Paynell of Knaptoft, possibly the same person as (3), named in a case for debt in 1410 as John Paynell of Knaptoft [y]. He was described in 1414 as Sir John Paynell, Lord of Knaptoft [b, citing Additional MS 10126].
(5) Paynell daughter, possibly Agnes, who married Thomas Kynnesman and brought Knaptoft to the Kynnesman family [u]. If Thomas did marry a Margaret Paynell, she must have been a first wife and cannot have been the Margaret Paynell who later married John Dene (see above). Thomas Kynnesman was probably the son of, and certainly related to, Stephen Kynnesman of Arthingworth, member of parliament for Northampton in 1421 [z]. The Arthingworth property and Kelmarsh, another Kynnesman property, devolved to John Turpin [aa]. It appears that Thomas Kynnesman had a second wife, Isabel who later married John Heton [bb].
(6) Elizabeth Kynnesman, daughter of Thomas Kynnesman, married John Turpin [cc], bringing Knaptoft, Arthingworth and Kelmarsh to the marriage [aa].
Additional notes on Nichol's Gobion and Turpin pedigree
In addition to the errors in the Paynell ancestry, the following points may be of interest.
(i) The inquisition post mortem for John Turpin states that his wife Elizabeth predeceased him [aa]. This contradicts the Nichol pedigree which shows Sir David Brecknock as a second husband [a].
(ii) The Nichol pedigree shows Richard Turpin the Herald as the son of John Turpin and Rose Ruthall [a]. According to the Camden Society publication of the Chronicle of Calais, he was the son of Richard Turpin, the author of the Chronicle [dd].
(iii) The Nichol pedigree omits Katherine Turpin, wife of Geoffrey Markham, who brought the Kelmarsh property to the Markham family [ee]. She is incorrectly described in some sources as the daughter of Sir Geoffrey Turpin or John Turpin [ff]. A wardship record suggests that she was the daughter of William Turpin, son of John Turpin and Elizabeth Kynnesman [gg].
Any further information or corrections, particularly as regards the Paynell of Knaptoft wives would be welcome. There appears to be a connection to the Tilley family whose arms are quartered in the combined arms illustrated by Nichol [a].
[a] John Nichols, The history and antiquities of the county of Leicester, 4 volumes in 8 parts (London, England: J. Nichols, 1795-1811), IV, part 1: 225 (pedigree of Gobion and Turpin of Knaptoft).
[b] Robert Meyricke Serjeantson, A history of the Church of St. Giles, Northampton, (Northampton, England: W. Mark & Co., 1911), 259-280.
[c] Fine 27 January 1317: Ralph Paynel querent, John Paynel, son of Ralph and Agnes wife of John deforciants: Botolph Bridge, Sproxton and Lotherton [CP 25/1/285/30, number 140, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, images at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[d] Fine 1 July 1338: remainder to John Paynel of Botheby and his wife Cecily: were parties to a land at Colby. John Paynel of Botheby is described as the son of John [CP 25/1/138/107, number 17, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, image at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[e] British History Online: Inquisition post mortem: John Paynell, knight: 33 Edw. III (1359) no. 514. He died 23 Edw. III – 25 July 1349. Botheby by Billesfeld. The manor held jointly with Cecily his wife. John his son, aged 13 years, is his heir after the decease of the said Cecily; and she, while she was sole, and afterwards she and Thomas de Botheby, now her husband, have been in possession of the above lands &c. since the death of the said John.
[f] Calendar of the Patent Rolls, 1345-1348: 477: 26 October 1346: grant to John Paynell of free warren of lands in Botheby and Sproxton.
[g] British History Online: Proof of age: John Paynell, son of John Paynell, knight: 40 Edw. III (1359) no. 86.
[h] Calendar of the Close Rolls: 22 November 1417: order addressed to Geoffrey Paynell to do or procure no hurt or harm to John Paynell knight.
[i] Fine 27 October 1406: John Paynell of Botheby, knight, and Elizabeth, his wife, querents: manor of Sproxton; includes remainder to Geoffrey Paynell, their son [CP 25/1/126/71, number 19, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, image at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[j] Mapping the Medieval Countryside (http://www.inquisitionspostmortem.ac.uk/): inquisition post mortem E-CIPM 25-10: Christine who was wife of John Paynell, Knight.
[k] The History of Parliament Online (https://thehistoryofparliament.wordpress.com): 'MP of the Month: Geoffrey Paynell, accusations of incest and the fall of the house of Paynell', 14 March 2019.
[l] Calendar of Close Rolls, 1369-1374, 92: 9 May 1369: charter of John Paynell of Botheby, witnessed by Sir John Payment of Knaptoft.
[m] Calendar of the Patent Rolls, 1388-1392: 312: 17 October 1390: confirmation to John Paynell, son of John Paynell of 1346 grant of free warren of lands in Botheby and Sproxton.
[n] The History of Parliament Online (https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org): Paynell, Geoffrey (d.1437), of Little Casterton, Rutland and Boothby and Osgodby, Lincs.
[o] Mapping the Medieval Countryside (http://www.inquisitionspostmortem.ac.uk/): inquisition post mortem E-CIPM 24-627: Geoffrey Paynell.
[p] Thomas Hearne ed., The Itinerary of John Leland, (Eton, England, J. Fletcher, Oxford, & J. Pote, 1770): 25-27.
[q] Rev. Canon A. R. Maddison ed., Lincolnshire Pedigrees, 4 volumes (London, 1902-1906): I: 294 (Dene of Barrowby).
[r] Fine 18 May-22 June 1432: John Dene and Margaret, his wife deforciants: manor of Barrowby; includes remainder to Geoffrey Paynell [CP 25/1/145/157, number 28, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, images at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[s] Fine 25 June 1428: Thomas Kynnesman, esquire, and Agnes, his wife querents: manor of Knaptoft and advowson [CP 25/1/126/74, number 12, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, image at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[t] Fine 8 July 1311: Thomas Paynel and Elizabeth, his wife, querents, and Ralph Le Botiller and Hawise, his wife, deforciants: Northampton, Skillington, Knaptoft, Mowsley [CP 25/1/285/28, number 48, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, image at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[u] Fine 13 October 1313: Thomas Paynel and Elizabeth, his wife, querents, and Ralph Le Botiller and Hawise, his wife, deforciants: land at Knaptoft and advowson [CP 25/1/285/28, number 48, transcript at www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines, image at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/].
[v] The National Archives (https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/): Debtor: John Paynel Gubbyon, lord of Knaptoft: 1392-1393: TNA C 241/181/15.
[w] The National Archives (https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/): Debtor: John Paynell Gobyon, lord of Knaptoft: 1393-1394: TNA C 241/181/112.
[x] Calendar of the Patent Rolls, 1396-1399, 295: 5 February 1599: pardon for John Paynele alias Paynell Gobioun for non-appearance in a suit for debt.
[y] The National Archives (https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/): Debtor: John Paynell, of Knaptoft: 1410: TNA C 241/201/35.
[z] The History of Parliament Online (https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org): Kynnesman, Stephen of Arthingworth, Northants.
[aa] University of London, British History Online: Inquisitions Post Mortem (www.british-history.ac.uk/search/series/inquis-post-mortem : accessed 23 Jul 2020), John Turpyn: inquisitions 8-9 Hen. VII (1493-1494) nos. 910-911.
[bb] The National Archives (https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/): Heton v. Hall: Plaintiffs: John Heton, esq., and Isabel his wife, late the wife of Thomas Kynnesman, esq. Subject: Manor of Knaptoft: 1456-1460: TNA C 1/26/345.
[cc] John Nichols, The history and antiquities of the county of Leicester, 4 volumes in 8 parts (London, England: J. Nichols, 1795-1811), IV, part 1: 223; Knaptoft church: "hic jacet Johannes Turpin, filius Nicholai Turpin de Whitchester, in com. Northumbrie, qui obiit 1493. Et Elizabetha uxor ejus, filia Thomae Kinnesman, arm. heres Painell, heres Roberti Gobion, militis, temp. Hen VII. hoc tumulam".
[dd] John Gough Nichols F.S.A., editor, The Chronicle of Calais in the Reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII to the year 1540 (London, England: The Camden Society, 1846), xvi; footnote with various corrections to the pedigree in Nichol's Leicestershire.
[ee] Walter C. Metcalfe F.S.A., editor, The Visitations of Northamptonshire made in 1564 and 1618-19 (London, England: Mitchell & Hughes, 1887), 189-190 (Markham of Kelmarsh).
[ff] Sir Clements Markham K.C.B., Markham Memorials, 2 volumes (London, England: Spottiswoode & Co. Ltd., 1913), I: 129.
[gg] University of London, British History Online (www.british-history.ac.uk : accessed 22 Jul 2020), 'Henry VIII: April 1529, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, ed. J S Brewer (London, 1875), pp. 2427-2437; 5508. April 1529: "The King's Wards ... Leic.:-Katharine, one of the ds. and hs. of Wm. Turpin".