2010-04-02 18:45:18 UTC
Complete Peerage, 8 (1932): 523 (sub Marney) has a good account of the
life of Sir Henry Marney, 1st Lord Marney (died 1523).
Regarding his second marriage to Elizabeth Wyfold, the following
information is given:
"He married, 2ndly, Elizabeth, da. of Sir Nicholas Wyfold or Wilford,
sometime (1450-51) Lord Mayor of London. She predeceased him, s.p.m."
No sources are cited for this marriage. Also, the mother of Elizabeth
Wyfold is not identified. The issue of Elizabeth Wyfold is not
given. All we are told is that Elizabeth died without male issue
("d.p.m."). The will of Nicholas Wyfold dated 1456 is mentioned in
the notes, however. There were are informed that Nicholas Wyfold's
will names an underage daughter, Isabel. No explanation is made as to
the discrepancy in given names, but as we shall see below Isabel
Wyfold is the same person as Elizabeth Wyfold.
Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold was in fact the daughter of Nicholas
Wyfold, Mayor of London, as stated, by his 2nd wife, Margaret,
daughter of Sir John Chedworth. Following the death of Nicholas
Wyfold in 1456, Margaret Chedworth married (2nd) John Norris (or
Norreys), Esq., of Ockwells (in Bray), Berkshire (died 1 Sept. 1466),
Master of the Royal Wardrobe, Treasurer of the Queen’s Chamber, and
(3rd) before 22 Jan. 1467 John Howard, K.G. (died 1485), Duke of
Norfolk, Admiral of England [see C.P. 9 (1936): 610–612 (sub
Norfolk)]. Thus, Elizabeth Wyfold was the step-daughter of the famous
Sir John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, a very important man in his day.
The connection between these families is affirmed by the will of
Margaret Chadworth, dowager Duchess of Norfolk, printed in Testamenta
Vetusta, 2 (1826): 404–405. This will is available online at the
Duchess Margaret's will is dated 13 May 1490, proved 3 Dec. 1494
(P.C.C. Vox). In that will, she refers to her "daughter Marney," to
whom she bequeathed a chain of water-flowers. This will was evidently
overlooked by Complete Peerage, as the editor of Testamenta Vetusta
made no attempt to identify "daughter Marney" in his editorial notes.
From this will, we learn that Duchess Margaret Chedworth was Elizabeth
(or Isabel) Wyfold's mother and that Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold was
living 13 May 1490.
There is a helpful account of the Norris family available online
entitled "The Family of 'l'e Norreys'." It may be viewed at the
The material presented in the Norris account cites the following
record regarding Nicholas Wyfold, proving that his widow, Margaret,
married (2nd) John Norris, Esq., and that one of his executors was a
certain William Chedworth. This record unfortunately is not sourced:
"On 17 Oct 1464 at Westminster John Pudde of Wolaston,
Northamptonshire, the younger, "carter," (was fined) for not appearing
to answer a plea that he render 6 pounds to William Chedworth and John
Maplethorp, clerk, executors of the will of Nicholas Wyfold, alderman,
citizen and grocer of London, and John Noreys, esquire, and Margaret
his wife, late the wife of the said Nicholas and co-executrix of his
will." END OF QUOTE.
The William Chedworth who served as executor for Nicholas Wyfold can
be readily identified as his wife, Margaret Chedworth's own uncle.
William Chedworth was a Citizen of London and formerly served as Clerk
of the Chamber of London [see Douglas-Smith, City of London School
(1965): 514; Barron, London in the Later Middle Ages (2005): 184];
William likewise served as executor of the will of his brother, John
Chedworth, Bishop of Lincoln (died 1471) [see Cal. Patent Rolls, 1467–
1477 (1900): 432].
As for Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold, the online Norris account
indicates that she actually had two marriages, not one. The following
record (again unsourced) indicate that Elizabeth (here called Isabel)
married (1st) her step-brother, John Norris, Esq., and (2nd) Henry
"On 2 July 1491 it was granted to Henry Marny, esquire, to had the
'keeping of all lands late of John Norreys, esquire, tenant in chief
by knight-service, during the minority of his son and heir Edmund,
with the keeping and marriage of the said heir; also of the reversion
of the keeping of the manors of Pirton and Jenningsbury, alias
Yevenelesbury, Herefordshire, which Isabel, late the wife of the said
John, now the wife of the said Henry Marny, holds for life'." END OF
Thus, it would appear that Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold married (1st)
John Norris, Esq., by whom she had a son, Edmund, and (2nd) before 2
July 1491 to her second husband, Henry Marny.
Further particulars are given in the online Norris account regarding
Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold's first husband, John Norris, who is
stated to have died in 1485, and her son, Edmund Norris, living in
1508. They will not be repeated here.
As for Elizabeth (or Isabel) Wyfold's issue by Henry Marney, a
pedigree published in Harvey, Vis. of Norfolk 1563 1 (1878): 155–164
shows that she had a daughter, Grace Marney, who married Sir Edmund
Bedingfield, of Oxborough, Norfolk (his will proved 1553). This
visitation may be viewed at the following weblink:
It would appear that Grace Marney was her mother's heiress (or
eventual heiress), as the Wyfold and Chedworth arms (but not the
Marney arms) were included among the quarterings of the Bedingfield
family listed on page 155. These arms were also placed on an ancient
Bedingfield family monument as indicated by Blomefield, Essay towards
a Topog. Hist. of Norfolk, 6 (1807): 186–187.
The Chedworth arms are known from several sources. Among them is
Taylor & Dale, History and Antiquities of Harwich & Dovercourt
(1730): 182, which mentions an escutcheon on a Howard family tomb at
Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk “on which is a Cheveron between three Wolves
Heads erased, which being the Coat Armour for Chedworth … [presumably
placed] for the said Margaret [Chedworth] Duchess Dowager of
Norfolk). Reference to the Chedworth arms is also made in Woodforde,
Norwich School of Glass-painting (1950): 125.
The Chedworth arms employed by Duchess Margaret Chedworth are the same
arms used by her uncle, John Chedworth, Bishop of Lincoln (died 1471),
as indicated by the following two sources:
1. Bedford, Blazon of Episcopacy (1858): 37 (arms of John Chedworth,
Bishop of Lincoln: Azure, a chevron between three wolfs’ heads (cocks
heads: Browne Willis) erased Or).
2. Inv. of Hist. Monuments in the City of Oxford (1949): 190 (arms of
John Chedworth, Bishop of Lincoln: Azure a chevron between three
wolves’ heads razed or).
In closing, it should be noted that Duchess Margaret Chedworth's
father, John Chedworth, a civil lawyer, bore the same given name as
his better known brother, John Chedworth, Bishop of Lincoln. Evidence
which proves that the two John Chedworths were brothers may be found
in Parks, English Traveler to Italy, 1 (1954): 440.
Best always, Douglas Richardson, Salt Lake City, Utah