2005-01-12 15:28:43 UTC
Firstly, thanks for your additions to the Butler strand John. I think
that Baildon missed the note you picked up as a result of how he
searched records. He was a barrister based at Lincoln's Inn in London
- hence his passion for legal records. You will notice that apart from
a few YAS volume entries, he uses few other sources. This is true
throughout most of his work.
Here's the earlier part of the same article (this time volume 28 of the
YAJ). It has been scanned using OCR then checked once - I will post it
as it stands, but will then double check it tonight. Hopefully this
will be of interest to those interested in Saville as a family, since
it covers the known early period. I will do the same exercise with
Clay's father's paper on the later Saviles.
"NOTES ON THE EARLY SAVILLE PEDIGREE
AND THE BUTLERS OF SKELBROOK AND KIRK SANDAL.
BY THE LATE W. PALEV BAILDON, F.S.A.
In Vol. xxv of this Journal my father gave an account of the main line
of the Savile family. He had previously dealt with someof the
younger branches, including Savile of Copley and Savile of New Hall, in
his edition of Dugdales Visitation. His interests lay for the most
part in that period of our history for which the evidence afforded by
wills and the parish registers is available; and he did not endeavour
to give detailed information about the Savile family I before the era
of Sir John Savile, who married the Eland heiress in the middle of the
fourteenth century. But in the course of his
- investigations he was in close touch with Mr. Baildon, who for many
years had been collecting notes, mainly from the Plea Rolls, with
regard to the origin and early generations of this distinguished
Yorkshire family; and he was hopeful that Mr. Baildon would in due
course publish the result of his researches to form a prologue to his
own paper. Mr. Baildon found that the information available was far
greater than he had originally anticipated; and .the connection with
the Butler family was of such as to justify a considerable addition to
his original scheme. But at the time of his death, in 1924, he had
practically finished his task, and the present paper was almost ready
for publication in the Journal. He was only waiting, I remember him
telling me, for the opportunity of " running through the Assize Rolls
of Divers Counties," though he was not sanguine of finding any
additional information of material value; and it appears that he was
still working on one or two points arising out of the later generations
of the Butler pedigree. But the paper is so complete in its present
form that its publication will, it is anticipated, not only be welcomed
by members of the Society, but will provide an additional memorial to
Mr. Baildon's unrivalled powers of research. The work of editing has
been negligible. A few references to printed books left unchecked by
Mr. Baildon have been added; some of his loose notes have been inserted
in the place for which he clearly intended them; and the sketch
pedigree which accompanies Section II has been compiled from his own
unfinished draft. Any footnotes of an editorial kind are inserted in
Mr. Baildon bequeathed to the Bradford Public Library his extensive
collection of notes on Yorkshire families; and the thanks of the
Society are due to the authorities of the Library for their kindness in
making this paper available for publication.
The early generations of the Saville pedigree, as given in Watson's
Halifax, Foster's Yorkshire Pedigrees, and elsewhere, are quite
untrustworthy. Many of the persons named are creatures of the
imagination, while others are ante-dated or post-dated or otherwise
misplaced in the usual reckless manner of Elizabethan pedigree mongers.
It would be waste of time and space to point out all the obvious
errors; I will only mention two, others are dealt with below. The sixth
generation has "Sir John Savile, knt., of Tankersley," and his son,
grandson, great-grandson, and great-great-grandson, all Johns, are all
described as " of Tankersley." As a matter of) fact, the Tankersley
property did not come to the Savilles until thej marriage of the
last-mentioned John with Isabel, the heiress of; Thomas de Elland.
Henry Saville, said to be the younger brother i of this last John, is
said to have married Ellen Copley "about 1300 "; Ellen was a mere
child at her father's death in 1370, and her husband was the son of
Henry Saville of Thornhill.
It has frequently, if not generally, been assumed that the name was
derived from Saville Hall in Dodworth, and accordingly the old
pedigrees start off with "Sir John Savile of Savile Hall."
Whitaker, in his best ex cathedra manner, makes the statement boldly,
though giving neither argument nor evidence in support.
" Passing by the fond tradition, which is altogether inconsistent with
the grounds of English etymology, that this family are descended from
the Savelli of Italy, suffice it to say that they spring from Savile
Hall, in Dodworth, near Barnsley, which gave name to them, and not they
to it " (Loidis et Elmete, p. 311).
Hunter seems to have leaned to this view, though not saying so in so
" In this township [Dodworth], about half a mile south of the principal
vill, is Savile-hall, an antient estate of inheritance lying near the
northern branch of the Dove. This estate belonged, in the reigns of
Henry III, Edward I and Edward II to a family of the name of Savile, of
whom there was the following ^structive deed, among the evidences of
Sir Gervase Cutler,' at Stainborough " (South Yorkshire, vol. 2, p.
260). Here follows the grant of " Seyvile Hall " made in 1311 by Thomas
son of Baldwin de Saville (see below). I cannot accept this view.
Saville Hall I take to be the name given to a house by its builders.
The piactice was not common in the north, whereas in the south very
many of the small sub-infeudated manors were called after their owners1
; but even in Yorkshire there are several unmistakeable examples, such
as Thornhill Hall in Wath upon Dearne, Lascelles Hall in Lepton,
Thurnham or Turn-ham Hall in Cliffe, near Selby, and no doubt others.
Moreover, Saville Hall apparently never belonged to the main line of
the family. The first reference to it, so far as any evidence is known,
is in the grant just mentioned, and the Thomas de Saville who granted
it was the son, and possibly the heir, of Baldwin de Saville, a younger
son. If it had ever been the principal seat of the main line, we should
expect to find some earlier reference to it,
The series of returns known as the Testa de Nevill, under date 1242-3
(new edition), has an entry which at first sight suggests that there
was some place or estate in the Lacy fee called " Seyvill " ; we read "
Seyvill, tercia pars unius militis " (Part II, p. 1103). The adjoining
entries, however, are names of persons, not of places; Richard Foliot
precedes and Baldwin Teutonicus follows, which suggests that a
Christian name has been omitted. Mr. Farrer accordingly prints the
entry thus: " [ - de] Seyvill " (Early Yorks. Charters, vol. 3, p.
401), and he is certainly right.
There is no trace of any ville, hamlet or manor called Saville, or
anything which could have become Saville, in Yorkshire or any other
county, to be found in any early document, and the form of the name is
distinctly French. The theory that there is a connection with the Roman
family of Savelli has nothing but the similarity of the name to support
it. There ca|L,be little joubt that the
II, as so many French
families did, the Courtenays being a notable example. Watson's
statement on this point is as follows: " Others suppose them to have
come with Geoffry Plantaginet, because there are two towns of this name
on the frontiers of Anjou, both which were annexed to the crown of
England, when the said Geoffry married Maud, daughter and heiress of
Henry I " (Halifax, p. 209). 1 Chequers Court may be instanced, of
which we have heard much lately.
This statement has been frequently copied, but without any additional
information as to the locality of these " two towns/' There are several
towns and villages in France which have names approximating to Saville.
The official Dictionnaire des Posies et des Telegraphes has five places
called Savel, one Saveille, two Sauville, one Savilly, one Sevelle, one
Sevielle, and one Sevilly. Most of these are too remote from the sphere
of Anglo-Norman influence, and there is^jo indication, so far as I
know, from which of the others the Savilles take their name. Perhaps
the most likely are (i) the two villages of #os_ajid[Haiti Sevielle, in
the Department of Seine et Marne ; (2) La Sevelle, in the Department of
Eure, but against this is the fact that the family are never called de
la Saville; (3) Sevilly in the Department of Orne; and (4) Sauville,
in the Department of Ardennes. Nos. i or 3 seem to me the most likely.
Apparently all the deeds relating to the original family properties are
lost or destroyed; at any rate they cannot now be found, as Mr.
Lipscomb, Lord Savile's agent, has kindly informed me. Those printed in
the volumes of Yorkshire Deeds issued in the Record Series refer to
later-acquired properties, such as that at Smeaton. This is a great
misfortune and a most serious handicap. Fortunately, there was a
considerable amount of litigation in the thirteenth century, the
records of which have been of great assistance.
One of the chief difficulties lies in the absence of any date of birth
by which we can test the generations both up and down, The early
Savilles no lands in chief, and consequently there are no inquisitions
to give us the age of an heir; such a document in the late thirteenth
or early fourteenth century would have been invaluable. The only
available inquisition, that on Peter de Saville in 1286, is not post
mortem, though it was formerly included in that series, as were also
the inquisitions ad quod damnum; it was in the nature of a de lunatico
inquirendo, and therefore there was no finding as to the heir, but the
writ mentions a wife and children, and we may fairly make certain
useful inferences as to Peter's age. * In the first place, he had an
uncle, William Saville, then living; so that Peter cannot have been a
very old man. We shall see presently that Peter left a widow, and a son
and heir, John, who was of age in or before 1301. Now if this John had
been of age in 1286, when the inquiry was made as to his father's
mental condition, we might reasonably expect that he would have been
appointed at least a joint guardian of his father's person and
property. As he was not so appointed it is a fair assumption that he
was under age, as he was certainly born not later than 1280. If we
assume 1275 for the approximate date of John's birth, we shall see that
it fits admirably with the pedigree, both up and down.
I think there can be no doubt that it was this John Saville who married
Margery de Rishworth, and we can test the date suggested above by
considering some Rishworth dates. Margery was one of the three
daughters and coheirs of Henry de Rishworth, who were all married
before 1306, when Henry himself was dead. He was, as to part of his
lands, a tenant of the manor of Wakefield, and his name occurs
frequently in the Court Rolls. The earliest extant date is in 1275, and
the last in 1298; his widow, Alice, occurs in 1307 (\Yakefield Court
Rolls, Record Series., vol. i, p. 108; vol. 2, pp. 48, 88). He was
clearly of age in 1275, which gives 1250 as the approximate date of his
birth. The three daughters who survived him (there may have been other
children who died young) were therefore probably born between 1270 and
1275, or thereabouts. Having thus arrived, not by evidence, it is true,
but by fair inference and deduction, that John son of Peter Saville
and, his wife were both born somewhere about 1275, I have used that
approximate date in checking the generations, both up and down, and
what follows, apart from actual evidence, is mainly based on that
The Saville and Butler charters printed in the Pontefract Chartulary
threw a new and unsuspected light on the early Saville pedigree; the
fact that the father of Richard de Sayille was called Hugh the Butler
(Pincerna) was, to say the least of it disconcerting, (and clearly
called for a careful investigation. This I undertook at the request
of the late Mr. J. W. Clay, F.S.A., as an introduction to his article
on the Saville Family which he was preparing for the Yorkshire
Archaeological Journal (subsequently printed in vol. xxv), but I felt
that a thorough investigation of the early Fines, Assize Rolls, and
other records, was necessary before any satisfactory result could be
attained, and the removal of these documents from London during the war
delayed my researches. The absence of any family deeds adds greatly
to the difficulty of arriving at a satisfactory conclusion, and there
are several points in the pedigree which may have to be modified if
further evidence should be discovered.
However, the result, though to some extent inconclusive, enables us to
present for the first time a pedigree supported by documentary
The Pontefract documents are nearly all undated, and with a few
exceptions do not state the relationship between the various Savilles
and Butlers mentioned in them. To arrange these in approximate
chronological order and to affiliate the individuals with whom we are
concerned, is a matter of great difficulty, and I quite recognise that
others might arrive at conclusions differing from those which follow; I
have given my reasons on all material points. I find myself unable to
accept the late Mr. Holmes's conclusions as to dates and
identifications in many cases; these, I think, are all pointed out.
The main difficulty is to settle the relationship between the Savilles
and the Butlers, and to decide whether the later Savilles were
descended from the Richard de Saville who tells us that his father was
The two earliest Savilles mentioned in the Pontefract Chartulary are
Ralph and Henry.
I agree with Mr. Holmes that Ralph and Henry de Saville]
were probably brothers (Record Series, vol. 30, p. 401), though I do
not agree that Avice de Saville, wife of Hugh Pincerna, was their|
sister, nor with the suggestion made in another place (ibid., p. 411!
that she was their cousin. '
I find no trace of their father or any earlier ancestors. When they
came into Yorkshire, how and why, and whence they derived their
surname, are problems as to which, in the absence of evidence, we can
only make guesses.
One piece of deliberate invention (for so I regard it) must be! noticed
before we begin the documentary evidence. The chronicle \ attributed
to John Brompton, Abbat of Jervaulx, printed by; Twysden in
1752, states (p.ii58) that Richard de Savill was one of seventeen
barons at the coronation of Richard I at Westminster in September,
1189. Even if we accept as a possibility that Richard was the
otherwise unnamed father of Ralph and Henry (see below), i he was at
best a small country squire, and certainly had no claim tof attend the
coronation or to be styled a baron. Sir T. D. Hardy; states that
Brompton's chronicle must have been compiled after the middle of the
fourteenth century. The Dictionary of National Biography states "
the work is wholly uncritical, and, having been widely accepted as
authoritative by writers of past times, has been the means of importing
many fables into our history." There can be little doubt that Baron
Richard de Savill is one of the fables.
SECTION II. - THE EARLY SAVILLES.
RALPH DE SAVILLE, 2. A. was probably born about 1160; there is no clue
to his parentage. He made no gifts to Pontefract Priory, and his name
only appears once in the Chartulary, but fortunately in a dated
1222. - Ralph and Henry de Saivile witnessed an agreement between the
monks and Edusa de Barnsley, widow of Hugh de Baghill, being a demise
of a messuage and land in Barnsley (Pontefract Chartulary, Record
Series, vol. 30, pp. 437-8). Ralph's name is immediately before
Henry's, which suggests that he was the elder brother, if brothers they
I have no further notes of this Ralph; he either left the neighbourhood
or died soon after 1222. There is no record of any children.
HENRY DE SAVILLE, 2.B., was, I think, the brother of Ralph; there is no
evidence of their parentage. Besides the charter just referred to,
dated 1222, Henry witnessed a considerable number of undated documents
recorded in the Pontefract Chartulary, though he was not himself a
benefactor. These mostly relate to lands in Barnsley and Dodworth; the
numbers are 267 (about 1210), 336, 347> 355* 3^2, 367 (before 1222),
374, 390 (about 1200 or later), 392, 456, and 522 (late twelfth or
early thirteenth century); the conjectural dates are Mr. Holmes's. In
Nos. 355 and 362 he is called dominits. His name is spelled Saivile
(i), Seiwilla (i), Sevile (3), Sevilla (2), Sewilla (2), and Sevilla
Undated; about 1212,- Hugh Pincerna and Henry de Sewilla, probably his
father-in law (see below), witnessed a ..charter relating to a charter
to land at Hermitage in Crosland (Record Series, vol. 30, p. 558). A
document of great importance in settling the relationship of Henry de
Saville is printed by the late Mr. S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A., in his notes
on Dewsbury church (Yorks. Arch. Journal, vol. 20, P- 393)* from
Hunter's MSS. in the British Museum. Hunter states that it was " copied
by N[athaniel] J[ohnston] from an original into his history of the
house of Savile." The document is dated in Lent -( the exact day
being somewhat uncertain), 1225, by which John de Dewsbury and Odo de
Richmond, parsons [rectors] of Dewsbury, in consideration of a rent of
22d. a year, grant to their parishioner, Henry de Seyvill, license to
have a chantry in his chapel at Guthlaker [Golcar], situated in his
house (curia), within the bounds of Dewsbury parish. Witnesses, etc. It
is not stated where John-ston obtained this document, and it does not
appear to be among Lord Savile's deeds; but notwithstanding this rather
damaging fact, I am inclined to accept it as genuine, for the following
reasons: The three persons chiefly concerned, and also most of the
witnesses, can be shown from other evidence to have been living at or
about the specified date; the deed does not contain any allegation of
pedigree, and therefore was not a forgery for the purpose of supporting
a fictitious descent, as is sometimes found.
The importance of the document in the present inquiry lies in the
mention of the curia at Golcar. Curia is a word with many shades of
meaning, but here, I think, jt means a house with a court attached to
or held in it, that is, a manor house, a view supported by the fact
that the house was of sufficient size and importance to have the
chapel. I infer, therefore, that Henry de Saville was at that date lord
of the manor of Golcar. Now we shall see presently that in 1286 Peter
de Seyville was lord of the manor of Golcar, so that we have at once a
reasonable ground for concluding that Peter was either a direct or
collateral descendant of Henry. Foster's pedigree states that Henry had
a son Thomas, who had a son John, who was the father of Peter.I find no
trace of any Thomas son of Henry, but John son of Henry was in all
probability Peter's grandfather.
1226, Octave of St. Andrew, II Hen. III.-Fine between Robert, son of
Henry, By Henry de Seiville, plaintiff, and Walter de Went and Alice
his wife, deforciants, third of 2 bovates of land in Thorpe,1: ]
whereof there had been an assize of mort d' ancestor. The meadow of
Hulm is mentioned (Feet of Fines, Yorks., Hen. Ill, file 18, no. 18).
Undated.-Henry de Sevile witnessed a charter of Avice daughter of
Laurence the Clerk of Darrington, relating to lands at Darrington
(Record Series, vol. 25, p. 297). Mr. Holmes dates tin's as about 1239;
* think this is too late, for there is some reason to suppose that
Henry was dead in 1231 (see below, John, 3.C.).
The subsequent pedigree turns largely on the question of Henry's wife
or wives and children. The old pedigrees state that he married Agnes,
daughter and heir of John Golcar, and that he had two sons, Thomas of
Newstead and Baldwin. I have found no trace of any Thomas at this time;
some notes as to Baldwin will be found below, but I have no evidence as
to his parentage.
I can only explain the later facts as to the various properties on the
assumption that Henry was twice married, and that the Golcar property
did in factt come to him by marriage. The only property that apparently
belonged to these early Savilles, apart from Golcar,1 Probably Thorpe
Audlin, near Pontefract.
Was at Silkstone, Dodworth and Barnsley, and perhaps Thurlston, all of
which can be traced in the descendants 'of Henry in the male line. _
Golcar was also owned by Peter de Saville in 1286 (see below), but it
was held, as to three-fourths of it, from the heir of Richard Butler,
who was a descendant of Hugh Pincerna and Avice de Saville. Now this
Avice was, in my opinion, certainly the ofdaughter of Henrv, and not a
sister, as Holmes suggested; how comes it then that the / descendant of
Henry's son held Golcar of the descendant of Henry's daughter ? There
can, I think, be but one answer: Avice must have been the daughter and
heir of Henry's first wife, to whom the GoTcar property belonged, while
John de Saville, Henry's son and heir, must have been by a second wife.
The original Butler property ; was at Armthorpe, Skelbrook, Scawsby,
and else\yhere in .the neighbourhood of Doncaster; Golcar, being near
Huddersfield, was much nearer to the Saville property than to the
Butler property, and Avice de Saville and her husband may well have
settled Golcar on her half-brother and his heirs to hold of herself and
her heirs. This is a guess, pure and simple there is no evidence
whatever of such a grant, but it is the only suggestion I can make
which explains the situation.
On this supposition Henry de Saville was twice married, his first wife
being the heiress of Golcar, whether or no she was Agnes daughter and
heir of John Golcar, as the old pedigrees allege. Avice.
Ydl^LPiJi^L?!1^ this marriage. See Section III, The Butlers.
Of the supposed second wife I have no information ; her children I take
to have been John and Ralph; Ralph was probably the elder son.
RALPH DE SAVILLE, 3.B., was probably the eldest son of Henry, 2.B., by
his supposed second wife (see above). There is no evidence of any \\ife
or children. If he were in fact the eldest son he must have died
1216. - Dodsworth notes a charter, " out .of the chest of Roche Abbay
in St. Marye's Tower in York," by Adam de St. Maria, relating to lands
in Swinton and Rawmarsh, dated 18 John, 1216, and attested by Ralph de
Sayvile (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 17 b).
Undated; about 1230. - Grant by Robert son of Robert de Stubbes to
Ralph son of Henry de Sayvile of all lu's land in Little Smeaton, etc.
Witnesses, (inter alios) John de Sayvile (Lord Savile's deeds, Record
Series, vol. 50, p. 173). Three other \vitnesse^s, William de Bretjton,
Adam de Mirfield, and Jordan de Heton, witnessed the grant to John de
Sayvile, 12 44-47 (see Sir JOHN DE SAVILLE, 3.C., was the son of
Henry, 2.B., and was probably born about 1200. Mr. Holmes thought that
he was the second son of Hugh Butler and Avice de Saville, but this is
clearly a mistake.
John de Saville witnessed several undated charters in the Ponte-fract
Chartnlary, viz., Nos. 346 (p. 442), 388 (p. 470), as John de Sevile or
Seivile, and as Sir John de Saivile (Sevile), Nos. 363 (p. 452), 364
(p. 453), and 376 (p. 461), to none of which does Mr. Holmes assign a
Undated.-John de Seivile witnessed the grant by Avice de Seyvile to
her son William, of lands at Bolhach in Silkston (post, The Butlers).
He subsequently had a grant from William of the same property. The date
of these documents is probably between 1240 and 1246.
Undated.-Sir John de Seyvile and Walter de Seyvile witnessed a
charter of John son of Elias de Bulehul, relating to land in Bilcliffe,
near Penistone (Lord Savile's deeds, Record Series, vol. 50, p. 38).
Undated.-A rent of \d. due to John de Seyvil from lands in Bullhouse
in Thurlston, near Barnsley is mentioned in a charter of John son of
Robert de Farnley (Lord Savile's deeds, Record Series, vol. 50, p. 53).
Undated; about 1230.-John de Sayvill witnessed a grant of land in
Little Smeaton to his brother Ralph.
1231, Trinity Term.-A day is given to John de Seyville, plaintiff,
and John de Midhope, to hear judgment in a plea of warranty of charter
relating to the tithes of a certain mill, in one month of Michaelmas at
Westminster, or in the counties of Nottingham, Derby or Leicester, if
the justices shall go there (Assize Roll 1042, m. z6d.). The locality
of the mill is not mentioned. Apparently Henry de Saville and his (?
eldest) son Ralph were both dead.
1242, September 4.-Bordeaux. John de Seyvylla had letters of
protection (Patent Rolls, 26-7 Hen. Ill, m. 8).
1242-3.-Lacy Fee. " Seyvill, the third part of a fee1 This is the
entry printed, without date, in the 1807 edition of the Testa de Nevill
(pp. 365, 367). The date is supplied in the new edition (Part II, p.
1103). The Christian name appears to be omitted, and I see no reason to
doubt that Sir John is the person referred to; No place is mentioned.
1243-4, January.-John de Seyvile was a juror on an inquisition as to
the lands of Ralph de Fetherstan (Record Series, vol. 12, p. 2).
Undated; 1244-47.-Confirmation by Roger de Quency, Earl of Winchester
and Constable of Scotland, of a grant by Simon 1 Scorcheboef, to Sir
John de Sayvile of lands in tl Jdll and common fields of Smidhetone
[Kirk Smeaton], at a yearly rent of some iron spurs or $d. at Easter
for all service; for which grant John gave him [? Simon] 43 marks of
silver. Witnesses to the grant, Alan de Farnham, then Sheriff of
Oxfordshire, Walter de Sayvile, [and others]. Witnesses to the
confirmation, Sir William Mauduite, [and others] (Lord Savile's deeds,
Record Series, vol. 50, p. 173). Alan de Farnham was sheriff from 1244
1246, Easter Term.-Henry son of Adam claimed against John
de Seyville 40 acres of land in Aldeham and Smithele,1 as his right.
John said he ought not to answer because the complaint was never
made in the County Court (?; loquela ista nunquam (nit in Com'),
and the writ speaks of 60 acres, whereas he now only claims 40 acres.
John goes without day, and Henry is in mercy (Assize Roll 1045,
m. 24).John de Sayville, juror, re claim to land in Wintewurth (ibid.,
1246, Easter Term.-Assize whether Adam de Holaund had unjustly raised
a foss in Thurueleston [Thurlston] to the damage of the free tenement
of John de Seville there. The jury found for the plaintiff; the foss
was ordered to be pulled down (prosternatur) (Assize Roll 1045, m.
There is no clear evidence of the date of Sir John's death, and, as his
eldest son was also named John, there is a doubt whether certain later
notes refer to the father or the son. Sir John probably died in 1250
or earlier; Agnes de Saville claimed dower in 1250, and she was
alleged to be responsible in December, 1250, for a trespass committed
by her sons (see below). She was probably Sir John's widow. There
is no clue to her parentage.
Their children were John, William, and Walter. JOHN DE SAVILLE, 4.A.,
was, there can be little doubt, the son and heir of Sir John, 3.C.,
though the fact is nowhere stated in terms. He is the first to be
mentioned in the Genealogia Savilorum (Harl. MS. 4630, " copied out of
an old MS/'). He is there stated to have had two brothers, Walter
and William, which seems to identify him as the son of Sir John, 3.C.
He is also said to have married..... " filiam et heredem de Gothlaker"
which apparently confuses him with his grandfather, and to have been "
dominum de Savile Hall circa annum 30 Henrici III in Anno Domini 1245,"
which I believe to be an error.
1250, December 7.-Order to Geoffrey de Langley, the justice of the
Forest, to postpone until the Purification next the distraint to be
made on Agnes de Seville for a trespass which her sons had made in Peak
Forest (Close Roll Cal. p. 388).
1250-1, February 7.-John de Seyville and William and Walter, his
brothers, were pardoned all trespasses charged against them before
Geoffrey de Langley in the pleas of the forest in Derbyshire (ibid.t p.
1251, Michaelmas Term.-John de Seyvill was one of four knights in an
action relating to land in Pontefract (Record Series, vol. 44, p. 60).
1251, Michaelmas Term.-Agnes de Seyville complained that Robert de
Thorpe had unjustly disseised her of a third of 20 acres of /land in
Calthoren [Cawthorne, near Barnsley]. The jury found for the defendant.
Agnes is in mercy for a false claim; pledge, her son John (Assize Roll
1046, m. n^.).
The one third clearly points to dower; Agnes must, I think, have been
the widow of John de Saville, 3.C.
1251, Michaelmas Term.-Colin de Seyville1 was summoned to answer
£ehn de Seyville in a plea that he should do the accustomed services
due for the free tenement he holds of John in Calthorne, viz., 80 acres
of land and a mill, by the service of yearly rents of 305. 4^. for the
land and | mark for the mill. John himself received this until 4 years
ago; he claims loos, damages. Colin admits the holding and the service,
but he says that when John set out for a pilgrimage to the Holy Land he
instructed (assignavit) him [Colin] to pay out of the said rents 2os.
$d. to John Haunsard, los. to John de Lungvilers, in respect of the
land, and } mark to the Prior of Bowelton [Bolton] in respect of the
mill. Asked if he has any document (instrumentum) showing this, Colin
says that he has nothing except his " suit," and produces no " suit "
except his own bare word (simplex dictum). It is therefore considered
that he must henceforth pay the rents to John, and be in mercy for the
unjust detention, and pay damages, taxed at [blank]. Pledge for the
amercement, John son of Walter de Preston (Assize Roll 1046, m. i6d.).
1251, Michaelmas Term.-John de Seyvill was one of four knights
appointed to choose a jury in an action relating to land in Briddeshal
(Assize Roll 1046, m. 28).
1251-2, Hilary Term.-John de Seyvill v. the Prior of Pontefract,
Richard de Scauceby, and Stephen the Carter, for disseising him of
common of pasture in Doddewurth which belongs to his free
1 Mr. Baildon thought this a clerical error; but was not Colin the same
man as Nicholas 4.D.? See p. 394.
1 Oldham and Smidley are in WombwelJ.
tenement there, viz., in a certain wood where he ,as always used to
common. The Prior said that there was formerly a dispute (con-tcntid)
between Hugh, sometime Prior of Pontefract, and Henry de Seyville,
John's father, as touching that wood, and it was agreed between them
that the Prior and his successors should essart within the common of
Duddewurth [sic] if they wished, without contradiction or impediment by
Henry or his heirs, but saving to him and his heirs one-fifth part of
the residue not essarted; and if the Prior or his successors made any
new essart, neither Henry nor his heirs should on that account be able
to make any complaint (qnerela), by a certain writing made between
them, which he produced; and he said that there still remained more
than one-tenth of the said pasture not yet essarted. John cannot deny
this. Judgment for the Prior. John is in mercy for a false claim
(Assize Roll 1046, m. 54^.).
This document certainly implies that the plaintiff was the son of
Henry, 2.B.; I think that this is an error, and that for " Henry,
John's father " we should read " Henry, John's grandfather."
1252, Martinmas.-J^Jjjlj^Qiij^ ?alnia demised to John de Seyvill 2\
bovates of land in the field of Smitheton [Kirk Smeatbn] and his rent
in Skelbroke for 16 years, paying yearly i6s. Witnesses, Richard
Foliot, Robert de Stapilton, Robert Butillcr, Reynald Conan. In the
writings of Robert Rockley of Rockley, esq. (Yorks. Arch. Journal, vol.
12, p. 70). J>e>eJ^^cv*--ts*. ,
1252.-John de Seyvill held in Smetheton, for the term of 16 years,
lands of Ralph son of Hugh de Balnia, and rent in Skelbroke [Will's
Sayvill de eodem (Dodsivorth)^. Witnesses, Robert Foliot, Robert Staple
ton, Robert Butiler. In the^wri tings of Robert Rock-ley, esq. (Yorks.
Arch. Journal, vol. 12, p. 68). This appears to be a variant of the
last note, with the curious interpolation from Dods-wortb, which is not
explained by the editor; it is probably one of Dodsworth's numerous
cross-references to other documents, and may refer to Peter de
Saville's inquisition (see below).
1267-8, Hilary Term.-John de Saiville, who brought a writ against
Richard le Botiller that he should take the homage and reasonable
relief from John for a tenement in Guthlacarthes [Golcar] and
Duddeworth [Dodworth], does not prosecute. Therefore he and his pledges
are in mercy, viz., Ralph de Mitton and William de Merston, clerk
(Assize Roll 1050, m. 8).
The importance of homage and relief, as indicating a change of
ownership, is very frequently overlooked. When an heir succeeded to the
estate of his ancestor he had to do homage and become his lord's man
(homo) as an acknowledgment of his tenure. " The lordof the fee for
which homage is due takes homage of every tenant as he comes to the
land or fee " (Jacob's Law Diet.). Apparently it was only done once,
and the acknowledgment implied by the doing of homage passed to an heir
or grantee on any succession to or alienation of the lord's estate;
hence in grants, fines, or other assurances of estates, we frequently
find the clause, " together with the homage and service of " the
various tenants. A relief was payable " on the taking up by the heir of
his ancestor's estate " (Goodeve, Modern Law of Real Property, p. 21),
" by way of fine for taking up the estate after feuds became hereditary
" (Scriven, Copyholds, p. 227). Fealty was the personal pledge of
fidelity from the tenant to the person of his lord, and hence could not
be assigned; it was due not only on a change of tenant, but also on a
change of lord. We consequently get the statement frequently in fines
on an assignment by the lord that the tenant was present and did fealty
to the new lord. Homage and relief are therefore positive proof of a
succession, while fealty is not.
1267-8, Hilary Term.-John de Seyville who brought a writ against
Baldwin de Sayville [sic] to give up a charter which he unjustly
detains, does not prosecute. He and his pledges are in mercy, viz.,
Ralpj^de Mitton and William de Merston, clerk (Assize Roll 1050, m.
1267-8, Hilary Term.-Robert de Wambewell claimed against John de
Seyville 3 'bovates of land in Aldham1 as his right. John claimed a
view, and put in his place John de Dighton. A day is given on the
quindene of Michaelmas at Newcastle-on-Tyne (Assize Roll 1050, m.
We shall see presently that a John de Dychton, probably, the same man
married Pleasance, sister of Peter de Saville. I have no
further notes of this John; he was clearly dead in 1278.
There is no clue to his wife. His children were, Peter (see below) and
two daughters, Agnes, and Pleasance wife of John de Deighton, both
apparently living in 1286 and mentioned in Peter's inquisition. The
Genealogia Savilorum gives these children, and two other sons in
addition, Robert and Baldwin. I have no notes as to Robert; Baldwin
will be found below. Ralph, mentioned in 1302 (John, 6,A.), may have
been another son.
WILLIAM DE SAVILLE, 4.B., was a younger son of Sir John, 3.6. He is
apparently the William mentioned in the rather puzzling parenthesis in
a document of 1252 (see above, John, 3.C.), and he had a 1 See above,
1246, John, 3.C.lease of land in Smeaton from his nephew, Peter, for 14
years, of which seven had expired in 1286 (see below, Peter, 5.A.).
1250-1.-See above, John, 3.C.
1264, November 20.-William de Sayvile was a juror at an extent of
the manor of Elmsall (Record Series, vol. 12, p. 99). "^1266,
Easter.-John de Scaldewell [sic] abandoned his assize of mort
d'ancestor against William de Seyville concerning a messuage and 3
acres of land in Scadewell [Shadwell] (Assize Roll 1194, m. 8d)
WALTER DE SAVILLE, 4.C., was a younger son of John, 3.0. He is
mentioned with his two brothers, John and William, in 1250-1 (see
above, John, 3.C.). He occurs as a witness to an undated charter to
which Sir John de Saville was also a witness, and also as a witness to
a grant to Sir John himself, the date of which can be fixed
approximately as between 1244 and 1247 (see above, John, 3.C.).
1246, Easter Term.-Walter de Saiville 5f Guthlacarges [Golcar] was a
pledge for Modesta [sic] who claimed dower in Pocklington and abandoned
her writ (Assize Roll 1045, East. 30 Hen. Ill, m. 31).
1251, Michaelmas Term.-William son of William discontinued his assize
of mort d'ancestor against Walter de Seyvill touching 6d. rent in
Thurleston; he and his pledges are in mercy, viz., William de Deneby
and John de Ulfley (Assize Roll 1046, m. 21).
1268.-Staincross Wapentake. Walter de Sayville appealed Robert son of
Henry de Bolehuses and John de Billeclif of blo\vs and breach of the
peace, and Henry of ordering and sending them (de missione et
precepto). He did not come, and was amerced; pledges, Gilbert son of
Henry de Calthorn and Adam son of Hugh de Wyggeflask (Assize Roll 1051,
He had a son John, who was living in 1303; see below,
NICHOLAS DE SAVILLE, 4.D.
1251-2.-Nicholas de Seyville, \ mark for an unjust detention; pledge,
John son of Walter de Preston. Fines of the County of York, in the eyre
of Silvester, Bishop of Carlisle, R. de Thurkelby, and their Fellows
(Assize Roll, 1047, m. 22).
BALDWIN DE SAVILLE, 4.E., is stated in the old pedigrees to have been a
son of Henry (see above, Henry, 2.B.). The dates show this to be
incorrect, for Henry must have been born well back in the twelfth
century, probably not much later than 1160, while Baldwin was living in
1309. The Genealogia Savilorum states that he was a brother of Peter
and son of John, 4.A. This seems to me equally impossible, and it will
be noticed that when this John sued Baldwin in 1267-8 (see above), he
does not call him his son. He was probably a brother, and perhaps a
younger son of John, 3.C.
The earliest note I have on him is in 1267-8 ^(see above, John, 4.A.),
and the next in 1274, when he was a surety for Thomas de Burg and John
de Caylly (Wakefield Court Rolls, Record Series, vol 52, p. 83). He
cannot have been much, if any, under 40 at this time, and was probably
older, since his son William appeared in place of his father in 1275
(ibid., p. 102), and William, if not actually of age, cannot have been
He occurs fairly frequently in the Wakefield Rolls between 1275 and
1309, ] sometimes as a juror or a surety, but more often as essoining
for non-attendance, when, as a rule, one of his sons appeared for him.
1279. - Pleas of the Crown. The jury found that Alexander Lucas,
Steward of the Earl of Warenne in the Court of Wakefield, had been
taking improper amercements in the case of essoins, and that in this
way he had taken (inter alia) \ mark from Baldewin de Seyville (Assize
Roll 1057, m-I5i 1064, m. 13^.).
1279, July 7. - Baldwin de Sayvile witnessed a charter relating to
land in Norland in the parish of Halifax (Record Series, vol. 39, P-
1293, Trinity Term. - John son of Matthew de Doddesworth, cutting
down a tree in the wood of Baldwin de Sevile with an axe, was crushed
by it, and died immediately. Verdict, death by misadventure. The tree
and the axe, worth 4^., are forfeited as deo-dands (Assize Roll 1098,
He was living in July, 1309, when he essoined at the Wakefield Court by
Hugh de Seyville, his attorney (Record Series, vol. 36, p. 220), and in
September, 1309, when he was fined 6d. for default (ibid.), and died
before Trinity, 1311 (see below, Thomas, 5.C.).
There is no clue to Baldwin's wife. He had five sons, William, John,
Thomas, Hugh, and Henry. Beyond the dates at which they first appear,
there are no means of ascertaining their respective seniorities, but
Thomas, although he does not occur so early as the two first -named,
appears to have succeeded to Baldwin's property.
PPETER DE SALVILLE, 5A., son of John, 4.A., was probably born about
1250; he was clearly of age in 1278, or thereabouts, when he granted a
lease of land in Skelbrook (see below). Hunter distinctly states that
he was son of Sir John, 3. C., but, as stated above, I think that
Hunter has omitted a generation. Peter's father was certainly named
John; see below, John, 6.A., 1302.1 This is the latest entry of Baldwin
in the Wakefield Rolls (Record Series, vol. 36, p. 227).
" The first person who can with any certainty be shown to have been an
ancestor of the noble house of Savile is a Sir John Savile, father of
Peter, of whom there is an inquisition of 14 Edw. I while he was still
living. He [Peter] held Golcar, Skelbrooke, Smeaton, Thurlston, or
lands at those places; and there can hardly be a doubt that he was in
direct descent from a Henry de Savile, who owned Golcar in 1225, in
which year he had a grant from the two rectors of Dewsbury, of a chapel
in his mansion there. The probability is that he [Henry] was the father
of Sir John; but there is not, I believe, evidence to prove that he was
so " (South Yorkshire, vol. 2, p. 260). As will be seen above, this
descent is now proved.
1277-8, Hilary. - Peter de seyville complained of master Robert de
Kirkesmetheton [Kirk Smeaton] and Alan de Kirkesmetheton for disseisin
of his tenement in Scelbrock; adjourned for default of the jury (Assize
Roll 1238, m. 6). The plaintiff craved leave to withdraw his writ in
Trinity Term, 1278 (ibid., m. 16).
Sometime in the summer of 1286 the Escheator held an inquiry as to the
mental condition of Peter de Seyville; as there is a full translation
in vol. 23 of the Record Series, p. 51^ it is only necessary to call
attention here to the material points. Peter became mentally incapable
of managing his own affairs between 1279, when he was sane, and 1282,
when he was insane. He held the manor Golcar, as to three-fourths of
the heir of Richard le Botiler · of Sandal, and as to one:fourth of
Sir John de Heton, by the service of 3d. yearly; four years before,
i.e., about 1282, he gave a mill there to his sister, Agnes de
Seyville. He also held 3 bovates of land in Skelbrooke of Sir Ranul| de
Blamustre, by the service of 10s. a year; this he demised to Robert son
of Stephen de Kirby, about 1278, forji term ol 20 years. He also held a
messuage and 4 bovates of land in Smeaton of the Earl of Lincoln, by
the service of suit of court at Ponteiract ; he demised the land to
William de Seyville, his uncle, about 1279, for a term of 14 years. He
also held a rent of 425. in Thurlston and land worth 6os a year in
Aldham1 held of the heir of John de Hoderode and the heir of Roger de
Wombwell respectively.. Peter's sister, Pleasance, wife of John de
Dychton, is mentioned. The two important facts here are the holdings in
Golcar and Skelbrooke, and the reference to Richard Butler in
connection with ^ th£|ormef^acer The King had previously ordered the
custody of Peter's body, lands, etc., to be committed to Peter de Eton
[Heaton] his near relative (Fine Roll, 14 Edw. I, m. 2; Record Series,
vol. 23, p. 51). l Oldham, in Wombwell.
1286, Oct. 23. - Pursuant to an inquisition showing that Peter de
Seyville is mad, the Escheator is ordered to deliver to John de Eton,
Peter's near kinsman, the custody of his body, land and chattels,
taking good security for proper maintenance (Fine Roll Cal., P- 230). ?
Undated; after 1286. - Hugh son of Richard le Butler of Sandal gave
to John de Heton, knt., the homage and service of
Peter de \ Say villa and his heirs, viz., of three parts [i.e.,
fourths] of the ville \ Goulacres [Golcar], with wardships, reliefs,
etc., which in, any way could belong to the grantor and his heirs.
Witnesses, john de [sic] Tyes John Sotehill, William le Fleming, Hugh
de Swillington, William do Bellomonte and John his brother, and John de
Dighton (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 122, in the collections of . John
Hanson; Yorks. Arch. Journal, vol. 7, p. 262; Harl. MS. 4630, s.n.
1302, Thursday before St. Dunstan (probably the Deposition May 19), 30
Edward I. - Peter de Seyville discontinued his assize I of novel
disseisin against Roger son of Thomas de la Wodehalle concerning a
tenement in Wyrkeburg [Worsborough]. He and his I pledges were in
mercy, viz., John Fleming of Walton and Thomas de Bosville (Assize Roll
1294 m 6d)
Peter is not stated to be* suing by his guardian, so it may be presumed
that he had recovered.
1302-3, Hilary Term. - Agnes widow of Nicholas le Cordwaner of York
sued Peter de Sayvill, John son of Walter de Sayvill, and others, for
debt (De Banco, Hil. 31 Edw. I, m. 84).
Peter was dead in 1308, leaving a widow, Maude, and at least one child,
his heir, John. He certainly had other children, since the writ made in
connection with the lunacy proceedings of 1286, and dated May 18 in
that year, directs that Peter and his wife and children are to be well
and honorably supported out of the issues of his lands and tenements
(Record Series, vol. 23, p. 53«.)«
1308, May 31, etc. - Elcok de Lynthayt, charged with seizing the
cattle of Maude widow of Peter de Seyville and driving them from j the
Earl of Warenne's fee to the Earl of Lincoln's fee, admits it, j an3 is
amerced 35. 4^. The cattle were seized at Quarmby, and! driven to
Almondbury. Thomas son of Christiana de Lynthayt, John de Lynthayt,
and John son of Adam de Locwode, were also charged with the same
offence ; the latter was said to be the instigator (\Yakcfidd Court
Rolls, Record Series, vol. 36, pp. 152, 158, 160, JOHN DE SAVILLE,
5.B., was the son of Waltc*, 4.C. He occurs in 1302-3 (see above,
THOMAS DE SAVILLE, 5.C., was the son of Baldwin, 4.E. He does not occur
in any of the Wakefield entries relating to his father. His brothers,
William and John, appear considerably earlier than Thomas does,
nevertheless Thomas was much the most important of Baldwin's sons and
may have been the eldest son; he certainly appears to have succeeded to
Undated.-Thomas de Seyvile witnessed a grant by Robert son of John de
Wambcwell to Baldwin del Hill of land in Thurlston (P.R.O., Ancient
Deeds, vol. 2, p. 504, no. C. 2294).
Undated^r-Iiiomas de.Sa^viU witnessed a charter of Adam de Pontefract
of Mirfield to Sirjohnjde Heton, relating to lands in Mirfield
andHopton (MSS. of Col. Gascoigne,JRecord^ Series, vol. 39,
1293, Trinity Term.-Thomas de Sayvile was one of the jurors for
Staincross Wapentake (Assize Roll 1098, Trin. 21 Edw. I, m. 108).
1299.-Thomas de Sayvyle or Sayville was a juror on two inquisitions
(Record Series, vol. 31, pp. 103, 13$).
1305, Easter.-A jury of Staincross Wapentake presented that Thomas de
Seyville led (duxit) the men of Hallumscire with arms, at Barnsley, to
fight Ralph del Haye, and at West Bretton tried to beat Thomas son of
Erkyn in his own house; also that he received and maintains Thomas
Skyreloke, and others unknown, who beat and wounded Matthew del Mersk
and Robert his brother. Thomas pleaded not guilty, and as no one
appeared to prosecute, he was dismissed quietus (Assize Roll 1107, m.
Ralph del Haye was charged with having men at Barnsley to lie in wait
for Thomas de Seyville and beat him. No one appeared to prosecute
(ibid., m. 7).
1309, Michaelmas.-See below, John, 6.A.
1309, April 28.-Thomas de Sceayvile witnessed a charter relating to
land at Worsborough (Record Series, vol. 39, p. 184).
1311.-I, Thomas de Savile, have granted to Sir Thomas de
MounteneYand^ConstrinceJiia^YifeJny manor in the vill of Dodworth which
is called Seyvile Hall, together with all my lands in Stayn-burgh, and
a yearly rent of 2s. in the vill of Coldwell,1 which I had of the gift
of Baldwin my father. Dated at Seyvill Hall, the morrow of Holy
Trinity, 4 Edward II (Hunter, South Yorkshire, vol. 2, p. 260, from
Dodsworth MS. 113, p. 201).1 [Mr. Baildon has elsewhere a pencil note,
" Probably the farm in Austonley now known as Call well."]
1313, Easter Term.-Adam son of John de Everyngham, byj \V jj^irT de
Tynton, his ^atdHnTcIainied a messuage and land in\ Staynburgh from
Thomas de Sayvill (De Banco, East* 6 Edw. II, m. i8id.; Hil. 7 Edw.
II, m. 150).
1313, Dec.-Thomas de Seyville essoined at Wakefield Court by William
de Seyville (Record Series, vol. 57, p. 19). There are many entries
relating to him in this volume, but mostly of minor importance.
1314 and 1323.-Thomas de Sayvile witnessed two charters relating to
land in Dewsbury (Record Series, vol. 39, pp. 59, 60).
1315-6, Feb.-Thomas de Seyville was pardoned for not attend-! ing the
Wakefield Court, because he was on the King's service; (Record Series,
vol. 57, p. 100). L
His last appearances, so far as the Wakefield rolls are printed, are in
1316 when in August he sued Master Philip le Waleys on an agreement,
and was a surety in September (Record Series, vol. 57, p. 157) *
1319, April 14.-Inquisition taken after the death of Margaret1 de
Nevill. Wapentake of Stayncliff. Heton1; 3 car. of land held by^ Thomas
(?) de Seyvil by knight's service (Inq. post mortem, Chan-l eery, Edw.
II, file 62).
1325, June 4.-Thomas Sayvill was a juror at the inquisition taken as
to the gift by Adam de Brom and William de Herlaston of the advowson of
Aberford church to the Scholars of the House of St. Mary [Oriel
College], Oxford (Inq. ad quod damnum, file 174, no. 16).
1332, Nov. 4.-Thomas Savill was a juror at the inquisition taken as
to Adam de Batelay's foundation of a chantry in Batley church (Inq. ad
quod damnum, file 221, no. 15).
It is possible that some of these notes relate to another Thomas, but I
have no evidence of any other.
There is no evidence of any wife or children.
WILLIAM DE SAVILLE, 5.D., son of Baldwin, 4.E. He appeared at the
Wakefield Court for his father in 1275, and was then presumably of age
or very nearly so (Record Series, vol. 29, p. 102).
Undated.-William de Sayvil witnessed a grant by Robert de Hoderod to
Baldwin del Hill and Margery his wife of land in Thurle-ston, etc.
(P.R.O., Ancient Deeds, vol. 2, p. 465, no. C. 1941).
1290.-William de Sayville was a juror on an inquisition relating to
the endowment of Rothwell Chapel (Record Series, vol. 23, p. 115).
1313, Dec.-Thomas de Seyville essoined by William de Seyville at the
Wakefield Court (ibid., vol. 57, p. 19).
1 Hetton, near Gargrave,
JOHN DE SAVILLE, 5.E., son of Baldwin, 4.^. ' He appeared at the
Wakefield Court for his father in 1285 (Record Series, vol. 29, p.
194), and again in 1297 (ibid., vol. 36, p. 17).
The only other entry relating to him in the Wakefield Rolls, so far as
they are printed, is in 1316, when he was fined I2d. for not attending
(ibid., vol. 57, p. 120).
HUGH DE SAVILLE, 5.F., son of Baldwin, 4.E., first appears in 1293.
1293, Trinity Term.-Morley Wapentake. Robert son of Peter de Osseut
[Ossett] fell from a cart in the field of Sothill, and died
immediately. Hugh son of B?ldwin de Seyville was attached because he
was present; but has not come. He is not suspected, nor anyone else.
Judgment, misadventure. Price of the cart, 2 horses, and 2 thraves
\irabes) of oats, 7$. Hugh was attached by John son of Henry de
Dewesbery and Henry son of Jul[iana] of the same (Assize Roll 1098,
Trin. 21 Edw. I, m. 25^.).
He appeared at the Wakefield Court for his father in 1297 (Record
Series, vol. 29, p. 259), and as attorney of Baldwin de Seyville in
1309 (ibid., vol. 36, p. 220). The only other entry relating to him in
the Wakefield Rolls, so far as they are printed, is in 1316, when he
was fined 2d. for not attending (ibid., vol. 57, p. 131).
HENRY DE SAVILLE, 5.0., son of Baldwin, 4.E. He only occurs once in the
Wakefield Rolls, in 1306, when Joan daughter of Walter de Heton sued
Henry son of Baldwin de Sayville for trespass (Record Series, vol. 39,
1316, Michaejmas Term.-Fine between Edmund de Dronfcld, plaintiff,
and Henry le [sic] Seyvill and Amabel his wife, deforciants, of 2
messuages, 45 acres of land, i acre of meadow and i acre of wood in
Westbretton; release by Henry and Amabel, for themselves and the heirs
of Henry, to Edmund and his heirs (Feet of Fines, case 270, file 90,
JOHN DE SAVILLE, 6.A., son and heir of Peter, 5.A., was born about
1275. We are now getting on to sure ground, since he is certainly the
John who married Margery de Rishworth. It seems equally clear that he
was not the father of Sir John who married Isabel "de Elland and was
Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1380, 1383 and 1388, and who died in 1399, as
stated in Foster's pedigree.
Undated.-John de Savile witnessed a deed of Amabel widow of Sir John
de Beaumont, relating to land in Huddersfield (Yorks. Arch. Journal,
vol. 7, p. 275). At the foot of this document, as printed, is added
this note: "This deed tied to ye former Deed (before 1297)." Whether
the date in brackets is part of Dodsworth's original note or was added
by Mr. A. S. Ellis, who edited the series, does not appear, but in
either case it is misleading, since the former deed is itself undated,
and is only conjecturelly ascribed to " circa 1297."
1300, Michaelmas Term.-John son of Peter de Seyville complained of
William, Prior of Pontefract, and Walter de Sutton, his bailiff, for
distraining him to do suit at the Prior's court of Berneslay
[Barnsley], which he was not bound to do; he said that he held of the
Prior a house and a carucate of land in Dodesworth [Dodworth] by fealty
and the service of los. a year, and he was not bound to do any other
service, and that on the quindene of Michaelmas this year he delivered
to the said Prior at Berneslay a prohibition from the King to the
effect that he was not to distrain the plaintiff; notwithstanding this,
the Prior did distrain him to do service at his court of Berneslay from
three weeks to three weeks; he claimed £20 damages. The Prior said
that the writ was founded on the Statute of Marleberge, and he claimed
judgment, because in the Statute it said " except where he or his
ancestors had been accustomed to do service before the first crossing
of Henry the King's father into Brittany," whereas in the writ it said
" into Gascony." Judgment for the defendant on account of this
variation (De Banco, Mich. 28 Edw. I, m. 179^.; Hil. 29 .Edw. I, m.
33<2.; Record Series, vol. 17, p. 168; South Yorkshire, vol. 2, p.
This" note probably gives the approximate date of John's marriage. His
father was still alive, and the property at Dodworth, and that at
Worsbrough mentioned in the next note, were, I feel little doubt,
settled on John on the occasion of his marriage.
1300-1, Hilary Term.-John son of Peter de Seyville claimed against
Roger Fitz-Thomas (filius Thome) 10 acres of land and 2 acres of wood
in Wyrkesburgh [Worsbrough] as his right (De Banco, Hil. 29 Edw. I, m.
33; Hil. 30 Edw. I (1302), m. 54^d).
1301-2. Hilary Term.-John son of Peter de Sayville v. Elias de
Smytheton of Askerne claimed 20 acres of land, 12 acres of wood, | acre
of meadow and J of a messuage in Calthorn [Cawthorne, near Barnsley]
and other smaller properties there against five other defendants. The
property was taken into the King's hands for default of appearance (De
Banco, Hil. 30 Edw. I, m. 54^., 225; Trin. 30 Edw. I, m. zid.). In
Michaelmas Term, 1302, the defendants appeared, and John said that they
had no entry in the property except after a demise made by John de
Sayville, his grandfather (whose heir he is), to Ralph de Sayville, for
a term which has expired. The defendants said that other persons, not
named inthe writ, were interested. Let them be summoned (De Banco,
Midi. 30-31 Edw. I, m. 45d.).
1303, Michaelmas.-John son of Peter de Seyville sued William, Prior
of Pontefract, complaining that, whereas it was unlawful for anyone to
distrain a tenant to do suit of court unless so bound by his feoffment,
or he or his ancestors holding that tenement had been wont to do so
before the first crossing of Henry III into Brittany, nevertheless the
Prior had distrained John to do suit at his court of Bernesley
[Barnsley]. The Prior did not appear, and the Sheriff was ordered to
attach him to be at Westminster on the quindene of Hilary (De Banco,
Mich. 31-32 Edw. I, m. 145d.).
1306, Saturday, Eve of the close of Easter, 34 Edward I.-John de
Sayvile witnessed an agreement between Thomas son of Sir John de Heton
and Adam de Pontefracto of Mirheld, relating to lands in Mirfield (MSS.
of Col. Gascoigne).
1306, 34 Edward I.-Hugh son of John de Eland released to , Thomas de
Langfield and Ellen his wife, Jordan de Insula and Isabel ihis wife,
and John de Sayvile and Margery his wife, daughters and heirs of Henry
de Rishworth, the rent of 10 marks for the moiety of the vill of
Barkesland (Harley MS. 797, fo. 6 (Dodsworth's Yorkshire Notes);
Watson, Halifax, p. 85).
This document establishes the fact as to the three daughters and
coheirs of Henry de Rishworth. Thomas and Ellen de Langfield seem to
have been dead in Michaelmas Term, 1322.
1309, Michaelmas Term.-John de Sayville complained of Robert, Prior
of Pontgfract, that,-whereas it is provided by the common counsel of
the realm that none should be distrained to do suit of court, unless
bound to do so by the terms of their feoffments or unless they or their
ancestors had done so before the first passage of Henry III into
Brittany-the Prior had distrained John to do suit of court at
Barnsley; John holds 2 messuages, 112 acres of land, 8 acres of meadow,
and 20 acres of wood in Dodworth, by homage, fealty and the service of
175. 6d. a year for all service, nevertheless the Prior had distrained
him to do suit at the said court, notwithstanding that he, John, had on
the Thursday after Michaelmas, 2 Edw. II , at Barnsley, in the
presence of Robert de Boseville, Thomas de Sayville, Robert de Barneby,
and others, delivered a royal prohibition to the Prior; he claims £20
damages. The Prior says that John's ancestors were wont to do suit for
the said tenements at the Prior's court at Pontefract, before the time
limited in the writ, until [blank], Prior of Pontefract, at the request
of [blank], John's ancestor, granted that suit might be done atBarnsley
instead, because Barnsley was nearer than Pontefract to those
tenements. John denied this. Jury on this issue in 3 weeks of
Easter (De Banco, Mich. 3 Edw. II, m. 316). , 1319, Michaelmas
Term.-Fine between William sonjjf Alan de j Smetheton,plaintiff, and
John de Seyville, deforciant, of 4 tofts, 60 acres of land, and 45.
rent in Skelbroke, to hold to William and hislieirs (Feet of Fines,
case 271, file 93, no. 41).
1319, Michaelmas Term.-Fine between John de Sayville and Margery his
wife, plaintiffs, and Jordan son of Jordan de Insula and Isabel his
wife, deforciants, of 275. rent in Barkesland, Bothamley and Northland,
and of J of the manor of Rissheworth, which Alice, widow of Henry de
Rissheworth, holds for life of the inheritance of Isabel. To hold
(subject to the life interest) to John and Margery and the heirs of
John. Warranty against the heirs of Isabel. Alice was present and did
fealty to John and Margery (Feet of Fines, case 271, file 93, no. 42).
Isabel de Insula and Margery de Saville were two of the three coheirs
of Henry de Rishworth.
1319, Michaelmas Term.-Fine between John de Sayville and Margery his
wife, by Joricius de Clementhorpe put in Margery's place, plaintiffs,
and Jordan de Insula and Isabel his wife, deforciants, of third of the
manors of Rissheton [sc. Rishworth], Barkeland [sic], Northland and
Wyllays, and of ninth of the manor of Skyrcote, which John admits to be
the right of Isabel. Jordan and Isabel grant, for themselves and the
heirs of Isabel, that the third parts of the manors of Northland and
Wyllays, and the said ninth part, which Alice, widow of Henry de
Rissheworth, holds in dower of Isabel's inheritance, and also the said
third parts of the manors of Rissheton [sic] and Barkeland, which the
said Alice holds for life by demise of Jordan and Isabel, shall after
Alice's death remain to John and Margery for their lives, to hold of
the chief lords, and after their deaths shall remain to Henry, their
son, and his heirs. Warranty by Jordan and Isabel for themselves and
the heirs of Isabel. Alice was present and consenting, and did fealty
to John and Margery (Feet of Fines, case 271, file 93, no. 48).
1327.-Pardon to John de Sayvill for the death of Robert de Baldok
(Patent Roll, i Edw. Ill, part i, m. 10).
1328-9.-Court held at Wakefield, 2 Edward III. Order to distrain John
de Savile to do suit of court for tenements in Rishworth late belonging
to Henry de Rishworth (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 149).
1330, Easter Term.-The King v. John de Seyville, to permithim to
present a parson to the church of Smeti on, which is vacant, the gift
belonging to the King by reason of the wardsliip (custodia) of the
purparty of John de Camoys and Margaret his wife, one of the sisters
and heirs of Richard Foliot, deceased (who held of King Edward, the
King's father, in chief), in the lands and tenements of the said
Richard. The King, by Adam de Fincham, said that Jordan Foliot was
seised of the advowson, and presented one William de Smetheton in the
time of Edward I, who was admitted and instituted, and by whose death
the church is now vacant. From Jordan the right descended to Richard,
as son and heir, and from Richard to Richard, as son and heir, and from
him, who died without heir descended of himself, to Margery and
Margaret, as sisters and heirs; Margaret is wife of John de Camoys and
is within age and in ward to the King; the said advowson belongs to her
share, by consent of Hugh de Hastynges, and Margery his wife, the other
sister and coheir. John de Seyville has unjustly impeded the King in
the presentation, to his damage of 1,000 marks. The defendant, by
Robert de Clayton, admits the facts as stated. Judgment that the King
do recover, and that John be in mercy for the unjust detention. Let
there be a writ of non obstante to the Archbishop of York to admit a
parson on the King's presentation (Coram Rege, East. 4 Edw. Ill, m. 16
John was probably dead in 1336, when a John de Sayvill, n*> doubt his
son, did homage (see below). His wife was Margery, daughter and
coheiress of Henry de Rishworth. Their children were:
John; see^ below.
Henry; see below.
? William, Rector of High Hoyland, 1348; see below.
It was originally my intention to stop at this point, having brought
the pedigree down to John Saville, husband of Margery Rishworth, with
whom Mr. Clay's account begins. I decided, however, to continue so as
to include the live successive Johns who headed the family during the
whole of the fourteenth century, in the hope of settling their various
dates. This has proved a matter of great difficulty in the absence of
any inquisitions post mortem, while the fact that the first two Johns
each had a wife named Margery, and the last three Johns each had a wife
named Isabel, is a serious complication. There are no administrations,
and only one will, which mentions neither wife nor children, and is
therefore of very little assistance.
JOHN DE SAVILLE, 7.A., eldest son of John, 6.A., was probablyborn soon
after 1300. The Genealogia Savilorum, copied in Harley MS. 4630, "
from an old MS.," states that he married Joan daughter of Matthew de
Bosco, and had issue John, who married the daughter t and heir of
Thomas de Eland, and Margaret, Prioress of Kirklees. j Foster's
pedigree transposes the wives of this John and his father, 1 and
makes Sir John who married Isabel de Elland the son of Margery de
Rishworth; he further states that Sir John (who died in1399) had a
brother Henry, who married about 1300 ! l
1336, Friday after Michaelmas.-Inquisition taken at the Court at
Wakefield, 10 Edward III. John de Sayvell did homage, etc., for lands
in Guldeker-Heton [sic] (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 146; Yorks. Arch.
Journal, vol. 7, p. 262). See note on homage, ante, p. 392. The curious
form, " Guldeker-Heton," is explained by the next note.
1336, Friday after St. Luke the Evangelist, 10 Edward III.- John de
Seyville did fealty during the minority [of the heir] of John de Heton,
and acknowledged that he holds of the said heir the manor of
Guldekerres [Golcar] and 4 bovates of land there, by homage and fealty
and the service of $d. yearly at Martinmas (Wakefield Court Rolls;
Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 146).
1343.-Pontefract Rolls. John de Sayvill did fealty, and acknow- I
ledged that he held the moiety of a knight's fee in Smytheton [Kirk /
Smeaton] and Grymston, by homage, suit of court, etc., and a white farm
(pro alba firma) of 35. jd. (Yorks. Arch. Journal, vol. 12,
1344-5, Hilary.-Hugh de Coppelay claimed as his right 155. '*
rent in Barkesland against William de Langfeld, and 155. rent there
against John Sayvel and Margery his wife, and 155. rent there against
Alice de Rishworth (De Banco, Hil. 18-9 Edw. Ill, m. 163).
1346.-Aid of 405. to marry the King's eldest daughter. From Agnes de
Cronessele, John de Quernby, John Savill, . . . . de Riche-worth, and
John Withet, for 3! camcates in Gretton [sc. Bretton], Querneby,
Gouthlokeres [Golcar], and Cumberworth, where 12 carucates make a
knight's fee, us. Sd. The previous owner is not mentioned (Exch. K.R.,
Misc. Book 3, fo. 72).
1346.-Aid of 40s. to marry the King's eldest daughter. From John
Savill for one eighth of a knight's fee in Smehton [Kirk Smea- \ ton],
of the fee of Skerchebeuf, 5s. (Exch. K.R., Misc. Book 3, fo. 83).
There is no evidence when thisJJohn died; the later notes which might
conceivably relate to him seem to fit better for his son John, ; but
this is by no means certain as to all of them.
His wife was Margery (called Joan in the Genealogia Savilotum, ante, p.
405), said to have been a daughter ui Matthew Wood (de Bosco).
He had issue John, see below, and Margaret, Prioress of Kirklees.
Henry DE SAVILLE, 7.B., son of John, 6.A., is mentioned as the
remainderman to the Rishworth property in the fine of 1319 (see above).
I assume that the later notes relate to the same person, but this is
1344, Dec. 8.-John, Abbat of Roche, granted the wardship and marriage
of William, son and heir of William de Ryley, to Adam de Heley of
Burton, Henry de Seyvyle, and William de Heley (Record Series, vol. 63,
1358 and 1361.-See below, John, 8.A.
WILLIAM DE SAVILLE, 7.0., Rector of High Hoyland, was probably a
younger son of John, 6.A. The only notes I have of him are the
1334-5.-Dodsworth has a note, from the charters of Francis Burdet of
Birthwaite, that William de Say vill was rector of a mediety of High
Hoyland, but gives no details (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 19).
1347-8.-William de Say vill, parson of Heghholand, was surety for
Richard de Cornewaill, chaplain, indicted for helping Guy Tyas, who
killed John son of John de Rothersfeld at Skelmersthorpe on Monday
after the Epiphany, 21 Edward III, 1347-8 (Controlment Roll 9, m. 47).
Guy and Richard were pardoned (Coram Rege, Midi. 23 Edw. Ill, m. 2
Sir JOHN DE SAVILLE, 8.A., eldest son of John, 7.A., was probably born
about 1325. In September, 1386, he gave his age as 60 and upwards.
1353, Trinity, and 1354, Easter.-Fine between Hugh de Brerelay and
Maude his wife, plaintiffs, and Robert de Neville of Hornby, chivalcr,
deforciant, of the manor of Brerelay [Brierley, near Barns-ley] ; to
hold to Hugh and Maude and the heirs of Hugh, together with the homage
and service of (inter alios) John de Seyville of Tankersley and Isabel
his wife (Record Series, vol. 52, p. 45).
1355-6, March 23.-John Tours and John de Sayvyll acknowledged that
they owed William de Mirfeld, clerk, £10; to be levied, in default of
payment, on their lands and chattels in Yorkshire (Close Roll CaL,
1354-60, p. 305).
1357-8, Feb. 24.-Pardon, for good service to the King and Henry, Duke
of Lancaster, done by Thomas del Wocleheved of Barkeslond, in Brittany
in the Duke's company, to the said Thomas who was indicted for the
death of Thomas son of John de Saurby; John de Sayville has testified
that it was done in a hot conflict and not of malice (Patent Roll CaL,
1358-61, p. 13).
1358.-John and Henry de Seyville witnessed two charters relating to
Rastrick (Record Series, vol. 63, p. 93).
1361, July 6.-Partition of the estates of Henry, Duke of Lancaster.
To John, Earl of Richmond and Blanche his wife (inter alia) the manor
of Marchesden, held for life by John Seyville (Patent Roll CaL,
1361-64, pp. 50, 86).
1361.- John son of Eve granted his manor of Toothill to Henry de
Sayville and others; John de Sayville a witness (Record Series, vol.
63, p. 94).
1364, Nov. 15.-Joh'n Sayvill was one of a commission of oyer and
terminer, touching all conspiracies, confederacies, collusions, and
false alliances in Yorkshire (Patent Roll Cal., 1364-67, p. 73), and on
Feb. 10, 1364-5, on another commission to inquire as to the complaint
of Elizabeth widow of Sir Nicholas de Wortelay (ibid., p. 140).
1367-8, Jan. 13.-The Prior of Monk Bretton, going beyond seas by the
King's license, appointed John de Sayvill, and others, his attorneys
for one year (Patent Roll CaL, 1367-70, p. 44).
1371, June 2.-John Sayvill was appointed on the commission of the
peace for the West Riding (Patent Roll CaL, 1370-74, p. 106). His
reappointment occurs frequently, and also on commissions of array and
of oyer and terminer.
1371. Tuesday after Trinity.-At Sprotborough, John Fitz-William,
knt., found pledges, John Sayville, knt., Thomas de Reresby, knt. (and
others), in £300, that he would not cause nor procure hurt or harm to
John de Staynton (Close Roll CaL, 1369-74, p. 308).
1372. Trinity.-Fine between Geoffrey de Warburton, chivaler, and
Aline his wife, plaintiffs, and John Sayville^ of jEland, chivaler, and
jsabel his wife, deforciants, of the manors of Brighouse and Car^nghow;
to hold to Geoffrey and Aline for the life of Aline, of John and Isabel
and the heirs of Isabel, paying yearly a rose at the Nativity of St.
John Baptist for all service to them, and doing all service to the
chief lords; remainder to Thomas son of Sir John de Eland, and the
heirs of his body; reversion to John and Isabel and the heirs of Isabel
(Record Series, vol. 52, p. 162).
1372, Trinity.-Fine between Thomas son of John de Eland, plaintiff,
and John Sayville of Eland, chivaler, and Isabel his wife, deforciants,
of a moiety of the manor of Tankersley; to hold to Thomas and the heirs
of his body, of John and Isabel and the heirsof Isabel, paying yearly a
rose at the Nativity ^*. St. John Baptist, for all service to them, and
doing all service'to the chief lords; reversion to John and Isabel and
the heiis of Isabel (Record Series, vol. 52, p. 162).
1372 Michaelmas.-Fine between John Sayville of Elland, chivaler, and
Isabel his wife, plaintiffs, and John de Brampton, parson I of the
church of Badsworth, deforciant, of the manor of Elland and j a moiety
of the manor of Tankersley; to hold to John and Isabel \ for their
lives; remainder to John the son of John, and the heirs of ; his body;
remainder to Henry, brother of John the son, and the \ heirs of his
body; remainder to the right heirs of Isabel (Record 1 Series, vol. 52,
This John was the first of the family to take a prominent part ·
in public affairs. In 1374 he occupied the arduous post of escheator
in Yorkshire, Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland, which
he resigned in the latter part of 1375 (Close Rolls).
1375 he was one of the Knights of the Shire for Yorkshire, and in July,
1376, he and his fellow M.P., Sir Robert de Boynton,were paid £34 8s.
for 86 days' attendance, at the rate of 4s. a day (Close Roll Cal.,
1374-77, p. 428). He was again M.P. for Yorkshire in 1382, 1384, and
Sir John served as Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1380, 1382, and 1387. 1375,
June 5.-Mandate to John Sayvill, Escheator in co. York, to deliver
the temporalities of the Archbishopric of Canterbury within his
bailiwick to Simon [de Sudbury], late Bishop of London, now translated
to Canterbury by the Pope (Patent Roll Cal.t 1374-77, p. 118).
1384, June 17.-Exemption, for life, of John Sayvill, knt., from being
put on assi/es, juries or recognisances, or from being made mayor,
sheriff, escheator, coroner, etc., or other minister of the King,
against his will (Patent Roll Cal., 1381-85, p. 415). f In 1385
and again in 1388 Sir John was appointed Commissioner I of Array for
the West Riding (Patent Roll Cal., 1381-85, p. 590; i 1385-89, p. 475).
1386, Sept. 17.-Sir John Sayvyll, aged 60 years and upwards, gave
evidence in favour of Sir Richard Scrope in the Scrope and Grosvenor
dispute (vol. i, p. 112; vol. 2, p. 303).
1390.-Sir Robert Neville of Hornby and Sir John Saville were paid
£22 8s. for 56 days' service as Knights of the Shire for Yorkshire, at
the rate of 45. a day (Close Roll Cal.t 1389-92, p. 178).
1391.-Sir John Sayville the elder was one of the feoffees ofJames le
Boteler, Earl of Ormonde, for the manor of Shipley (Close Roll Cal.t
1389-92, p. 525).
1392, June 16.-Supersedeas, on the pledge of Thomas Fairfax and
others, addressed to the Sheriff of Yorkshire, in favour of Guy de
Roucliff, clerk, at the suit of John Sayville, knt., for detinue of
£249 (Close Roll Cal., 1389-92, p. 564).
1395-6, Jan. 20.-John Sayvill, knt., John Sayvill, knt., his son, and
Henry Sayvill, esq., witnessed a deed relating to property at Rastrick
(Record Series, vol. 63, p. 94).
1396, Friday before Pentecost.-Inquisition taken at Pontefract. It is
not to the damage of the King or anyone else if license be granted to
John Herle, Parson of Tankereslay, John de Wath, Vicar of Hoderesfeld,
John de Disshford, chaplain, and William de Heton, to found a chantry
for one chaplain in the chapel of Eland, annexed to the parish church
of Halifax, and to assign to the chaplain a messuage in Eland, a yearly
rent of 8 marks out of the manor of Wyke near Okenschagh, and a
messuage, 200 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow and 6 acres of wood in
Hymmesworth, to sing divine service in the said chapel for the good
estate of John, Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and of John Sayville,
knt., and Isabel his wife, and of their children, and for their souls
when they die, and for the souls of Henry, late Eari of Lancaster, and
of John Sayville and Margery his wife (parents of the said Sir John),
and of Thomas de Eland and Joan his wife (parents of Isabel), and of
John de Rylay, and of their friends and benefactors and of all faithful
departed (Inq. ad quod damnum, file 426, no. 36).
Mr. Clay's footnote on page 5 of his article is rather misleading. He
says, " In the same Chantry Surveys, p. 292, Sir John Savile is said to
have founded a chantry at Thornhill with rents of lands in Brigehouse
by will Xmo Decembris, Edward iiij XXmo. This is not in, nor agrees
with, the above will.1' The founder of the chantry at Thornhill was Sir
John Saville of Thornhill, whose will, dated November 23, 1481, and
proved June 21, 1482, is printed in Test. Ebor. (vol. 3, p. 270), and
also by Mr. Clay. The will makes no provision for any chantry; the
document mentioned in the chantry certificate as dated December 10, 20
Edward IV, i.e. 1480, may have been a deed and not a will.
1396, July 20.-Sir John Sayville, knt., paid £20 for the license in
mortmain in respect of the chantry at Elland (Patent Roll Cal.f
1396-99. P- 9)-
1396, Trinity.-John Sayvell, knt., Constable of Pontefract Castle,
sued Adam de Bekwyth of Clynt, Richard de Bekwyth ofKylynghall, and
John de Bekwyth of Clyi 'for 20 marks each, probably due on a joint and
several bond (De Banco, Trin. 19-20 Ric. II, m. 242^.).
? 1399.-^ iU °f Sir John Sayvelle of Elland, undated. The only
member of his family mentioned is John Sayvelle of Shelley, who was
given 6 silver spoons, a silver covered cup, some corn, a bed and
coverlet, and a brass pot formerly his father's. He leaves money for
his poor tenants at Golcar, and for the poor at Elland and Tan-kersley.
He leaves money to the chaplains of St. Clement's Chapel in Pontefract
Castle, if he should happen to die there. Executors, John Kyng, Vicar
of Halifax, John de Wath, Vicar of Hudderslield, John de Heton, John de
Bollyng, William de Heton, and John Sayvelle of Shelley. Proved
September 23, 1399, by the two last named, power reserved to the others
(Halifax, Wills, vol. 2, p. 216).
Sir John Saville, father of Henry, who married Elizabeth Thorn-hill,
died on June 13, 1393, according to a memorandum of Dods-worth's quoted
by Whitaker (Loidis, p. 322), " obiit dominiis Johannes Savile, miles,
apud Castmm de Sandal!, Junii 13, 1393, ct in crastino die deductns
apud Wake field, ct apud Thorn hi! I ins igniter tumulatus." This is
clearly an error, since in a note to the will of Sir John Savile of
Thornhill (Test. Ebor., vol. 3, p. 270), we are told that he died at
Sandal Castle on the morrow of the feast of St. Basil (June 14), 1482;
his corpse was carried through Waketield, and was sumptuously interred
at Thornhill (citing Hunter's Notices of Lupset, p. 17).
Sir John married Isabel, daughter and heir of Thomas de Elland, through
whom Elland and Tankersley came to the Savilles.
Only two children are recorded, John and Henry, but Thomas, the
Serjeant at Arms (see below), was probably another son.
1399, Nov 17 --Isabel, widow of Sir John Saville, knt., took the vow
of chastity, in the chapel within the manor of Newstead, near Nostell
Priory (Test. Ebor., vol. 3, p. 317; Clay, p. 5).
Undated; about 1400.-Isabel Sayville filed a bill of complaint in
Chancery, alleging that she was seised in her demesne as of fee of the
manor of Tankeresley at the time of the last passage of the King to his
Duchy of Normandy, and since then until one Richard Wortley ousted her,
with the strong hand and against the King's peace, and he still holds
it, to her great damage and " final disheriteson," for which she has no
remedy by assize. She prays for a writ of subpoena, directing Richard
to come to be examined on the matter before the Chancellor in the
Chancery, and also for restoration and damages. Pur dieii et en oeuvre
de charitee. Her pledges for the prosecutionwere Robert Eland and Simon
Louthe, both of Lincolnshire,
gentlemen (Early Chancery, bundle 69, no. 383).
1406, Michaelmas.-John Kyng, Vicar of Halifax, John de Wath, Vicar of
Hudrisfeld, John de Heton, John de Bollyng and William de Heton,
executors of the will of John Sayville, knt., the elder, sued John de
Bollyng for a debt of £40 (De Banco, Mich. 8 Hen. IV, m. 234d.).
1406, Michaelmas Term.-Robert Eland v. Isabel widow ot John Sayvile,
chivaler, claims half the manor of Tankersley by a writ of formedon (De
Banco, Midi. 8 Hen. IV, m. 363d.).
1408, Easter.-John Kyng, Vicar of Halifax, (and the others, as
above), executors of the will of John Seyvell of Eland, knt., sued
Robert son of Thomas de Eland for a debt of £20 (De Banco, East. 9
Hen. IV, m. 56).
Sir JOHN SAVILLE, 9.A., was the son and heir of Sir John, 8.A., and was
probably born about 1355 or a little earlier.
1391.-See below, Thomas, 9.C.
Sir John was living on January 20, 1395-6, when he and his brother
Henry and their father witnessed a deed relating to property m at
Rastrick (Record Series, vol. 63, p. 94).
1399, Nov. i3.--Grant for life to John Sayville, chivaler, of the
Wapentake of Strafford, with the fees and emoluments belonging to it
(Patent Roll Cat.,
1399-1401, p. 95).
1399, Dec. 18.-John Sayville, chivaler, was on the Commission of
Array for the West Riding (Patent Roll Cal., 1399-1401, p. 213).
In 1402 he was Sheriff of Yorkshire.
1403, June 20.-Grant for life to the King's knight, John Say-vylle,
of the Wapentake of Strafford, not exceeding the value of 40 marks
yearly, from Nov. 13, I Henry IV, in lieu of a former grant of that
date (Patent Roll Cal., 1401-5, p. 236).
1405, May 2.-Inspeximus and confirmation of Edward of York, Earl of
Rutland and Cork, dated at London, Nov. 20, i Hen. IV (1399),
confirming for life to Sir John Seyville or Sayville letters patent of
his father, Edmund, Duke of York, granting for life to John the office
of Chief Forester of Sowerbyshire and Holmefirth, with the keeping of
the park of Ayreingden, etc. (Patent Roll Cal., 1405-8, p. 15).
Sir John died in 1405, between May 2 and August 10 (see next note).
There does not appear to be any will or administration. His wife is
said to have been Isabel, daughter of Sir Robert Radcliff of Radcliff
Tower, Lancashire. The Visitation of 1563-4 states thathe " weded also
the doughter of Balderstone," ana that of 1612 gives him one wife only,
He had two children, John and Isabel.
1405, Aug. 10.-Grant for life to the King's knight, John Luttil-bury,
of the Wapentake of Strafford, with all fees, etc., as John Sayvel,
knt., deceased, lately had it (Patent Roll Cat., 1405-8, p. 56).
1405, Aug. 10.-Grant to William de Holand of the office of Master
Forester of Ayrendon and Sowerbyshire (ibid., p. 50).
HENRY SAVILLE, g.B., was the second son of Sir John, 8.A.
1375, Easter.-Fine between Henry Sayville of Rishworth, plaintiff,
and William Smyth of Newall and Isabel his wife, deforciants, of a
messuage and lands and los. rent in Crosland; to hold to Henry and his
heirs (Record Series, vol. 52, p. 185).
1391.-See below, Thomas, Q.C.
1395-6, Jan. 20.-See above, John, 8.A.
1397-8, 21 Richard II.-Henry, Duke of Hereford, took into his service
Henry Savile, esq., to serve him in war and in peace, at the wages due
to an esquire. After he was made king he granted Henry an annuity of
£10 for life (Dodsworth MS. 117, fo. 159 b).
1401-2.-Aid in the Honour of Pontefract for marrying the King's
eldest daughter. Henry Sayvill for one fourth of a knight's fee in
Thornhill, formerly of John de Thornhill, 5$. (Duchy of Lancaster,
Knights' Fees, bundle i, no. 18, p. 151).
1403, Aug. 15.-Henry Sayville was on the Commission of Array for the
West Riding (Patent Roll CaL, 1401-5, p. 284).
He died in 1412, having married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Simon
de Thornhill, by whom he left a son and heir, Thomas, and a younger
THOMAS SAVILLE, 9.0., serjeant at arms, was nearly related to the main
line of the family, and was probably a younger son of Sir John, 8.A.
1375-6, Hilary.-Fine between Robert de Ursewyk, plaintiff, and Thomas
Sayville and Elizabeth his wife, Edmund de Folifayt and Adam de
Haywode, deforciants, of the manor of Braddesworth [? Brodsworth, near
Doncaster], and of 135. 4^. rent in Pontefract; to hold to Robert and
his heirs. Release and warranty by Thomas and Elizabeth, Edmund, and
Adam, for themselves and the heirs of Edmund (Record Series, vol. 52,
1380, June 25.-Simon Flemyng of Almondebury to Thomas Sayville, the
King's serjeant at arms, recognisance for 80 marks, to be levied, in
default of payment, on his lands and chattels in Yorkshire (Close Roll
CaL, 1377-81, p. 458). 1389.-Thomas Sayville was a serjeant at arms
(Close Roll CaL, 1389-92, pp. 44, 79). He is also mentioned in 1390 and
PP. 150, 375).
1391.-Thomas Sayville, serjeant at arms, was one of the feoffees of
Alexander Brown as to property in Wythyngton [Widdington, par. Little
Ouseburn] and Nunnemonketon. Sir John Sayvylle and Henry Sayvylle were
two of the witnesses (Close Roll CaLt 1389-92, pp. 316, 318).
1399 and 1401--Thomas Seyville was on the Commission of the Peace for
Warwickshire (Patent Roll CaL, 1399-1401, p. 565), and also on the
Commission of Array for the same county (ibid., p. 210).
1400, Feb. 19.-Inspeximus and confirmation to Thomas Sayvylle of
letters patent dated July 19, 15 Richard II (1391), granting to him for
life £21 135. 4^. yearly (Patent Roll CaL, 1399-1401, p. 200).
Undated (1416).-To our most sovereign and most gracious Lord the
King, prays your most humble liege esquire, Thomas Seyville of the
County of York, that whereas the noble Lord, the Duke of York (whom God
assoile) by his letters patent granted to your suppliant for life the
office of Master Forester of Aryngden, within the lordship of Sowerby
in the said county, may it please your most gracious Lordship to ratify
and confirm to the said suppliant by your gracious letters in due form,
according to the purport of the said letters of the said Duke. Pur dieu
et en oeuvre de chantee (Ancient Petitions, no. 11411).
John Saville, who was on the Corrimission of Array in Warwickshire in
1403 (Patent Roll CaL, p. 286), may have been his son.
JOHN SAVILLE, xo.A., son and heir of Sir John, g.A. If we may trust to
a very confused note of Dodsworth's, he was under age at the time of
his father's death in 1405, which would place the date of his birth as
later than 1384.
John Sayvell (son of John Sayvell, knt., the younger, son of John
Sayvell, knt., the elder) was during his minority seized into the hands
of John de Heton for his wardship and marriage, because his j father
died seised of Bothomhall and in the service of the said John j de
Heton; which John Sayvell died without issue, and the property \
descended to Isabel his sister, who was seized by the said John de \
Heton, as above. She also died without issue, and so the inheritance
descended to Henry, brother and heir to John Savile, knight, the
younger, and from Henry to his son Thomas; etc. (Dodsworth MS. 117,
I think this must be the John Saville of Shelley named in thewill of
Sir John, 8.A., in 1399 (see above), but no relationship is stated.
I have no further information about this John. He is said to have
married Isabel, daughter of Sir William Fitzwilliam, and to have died
without issue. His heir was his sister Isabel, said to have married
Thomas Darcy; she also died without issue. If Dods-worth's statement,
cited above, is correct, viz., that Hemy Saville succeeded on Isabel's
death, then both John and Isabel died before 1412.
This really ends my task, but I take the opportunity of placing on
record three notes as to Sir Thomas Saville of Elland, Thornhill, etc.
(see Mr. Clay's article, p. 6), and several thirteenth and fourteenth
century references to various Savilles whom I cannot place in the
1416, June 29. - Confirmation to Thomas Seyvile of Thornhill of his
appointment by Edward, late Duke of York, dated May 22, 2 Henry V
(1414), as Master Forester of Aryngden in Sowerby, for life (Patent
Roll Cal.t 1416-22, p. 38).
1423, June 25.- Fine between Isabel widow of John Sayville, km., and
Thomas Sayvylle of Thornhill, esq., plaintiffs, and Thomas Eland, son
and heir of Robert Eland of Carlynghaowe, deforciant, of 20 messuages
and lands in Eland, South Owrom, Ryssheworth, Bothomley, Bersland,
Gretland, Steynland, Northland and Hyper-hom, and a moiety of the manor
of Tankersley. Release to Isabel and Thomas and the heirs of Thomas ;
they gave Thomas Eland 500 marks (Feet of Fines, case 28, file 155, no.
3). The identity of this Isabel is doubtful. I think she was probably
Isabel Radcliffe, widow of Sir John, 9. A.
1425. - Thomas Sayvell holds the manor of Grenehall in Thornell, late
of Brian de Thornell, and pays yearly los. Free rents of the Honour of
Pontefract (Duchy of Lancaster, Misc. Book 106, fo. 4).
1298, Michaelmas Term. - John son of Peter de Arches and James de
Saville sued William de Bateley and Dionisia his wife in a plea of
land; and John son of Peter de Smetheton [Smeaton] and James de
Seyville sued the same defendants, also in a plea of land (De Banco,
Mick. 26-7 Edw. I, m. 51, 144). I have no further information about
this case, but the land was no doubt in Smeaton (see below, Ralph,
1321, Martinmas. - Richard Saivel of Thurgerland witnessed a lease of
the manor of Denby by Richard son of Sir John de Thorn-hill (Lord
Savile's deeds, Record Series, vol. 50, p. 62). 1335, Easter
Term.-Ralph de Seyville of Little Smetheton v. Isabel de Arches of
Little Smetheton, John de Arches of the same, and Robert de Arches of
Kirk Smetheton, for disseising him of two parts [thirds] of a messuage,
a bovate and 2 acres of land in Little Smetheton. John says that he
claims no interest in the property. Isabel and Robert say that the
property is only a messuage and a bovate of land less 2 acres, and that
the whole of it was in the seisin of one Herbert de Arches, who gave it
to one Herbert son of Herbert an^L the heirs of his body, with
reversion to the said Herbert de Arches and his heirs; from which
Herbert son of Herbert issued one Adam, who died without heir of his
body, and whose wife now holds £ thereof in dower; from Adam the said
two parts reverted to Herbert de Arches as the donor/ and from him
descended to William as son and heir, and from William to Isabel,
Margery, and Dionisia as daughters and heirs; from Isabel her share
descended to one James as son and heir, and from James to the plaintiff
as son and heir; Margery's share descended to one Isabel as daughter
and heir, and from her to one John as son and heir, who is not named in
the writ; Dionisia's share descended to Isabel the defendant and one
Mabel as daughters and heirs, and from Mabel to Robert the defendant,
as son and heir; the John who is not named and the plaintiff are seised
of their shares together with the others, and at their wish (pro
volnntate sna) they claim judgment whether Ralph ought to have an
assize as to the whole of the two parts. Adjourned to Trinity Term.
Jury (De Banco, East. 9 Edw. Ill, m. 23^.).
This involved story requires a pedigree to make it clear.
1337-8.-Fine between Roger de Thornton, plaintiff, and Adam de
Bollyng, chaplain, deforciant, of the manors of Thornton andDeneholme
in Bradforddale; to hold to Rogei ior life; remainder to Robert son of
John de Bollyng and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies;
remainders to two sons and a daughter of Thomas de Thornton; remainder
to Adam son of John de Sayvill of Farnley and the heirs male of his
body; remainder to the right heirs of Roger (Record Series, vol. 42, p.
1356.-Robert del Skyrys of Womb well sued John Sayville of Chickenley
and Maude his wife, Adam Sayville of Chickenley and Agnes his wife,
John son of James de Thurgerland, and Ralph de Wodhall, for novel
disseisin of property in Wombwell and Holand near Wynteworth [Upper or
Nether Hoyland, near Barnsley] (Assize Roll 1130, m. 4).
1356-7, Hilary.-Robert de Wombwell, merchant, sued John Sayville of
Chekynlay for a debt of £20 (De Banco, Hil. 30 Edw. Ill, m. 123).
1362, Michaelmas.-Presentment before Thomas Clarell, the Coroner,
that Robert son of James de Hunshelf, Adam son of John Sayvill of
Chikynlay, and Thomas Flecok, son of Thomas Sayvill, feloniously killed
Robert son of Robert de Skyres of Wombewell, and that John Sayvill of
Chikynlay and Maude his wife, Agnes wife of the said Adam, John son of
John Sayvill, chaplain, and Agnes daughter of John de Skires, aided and
abetted. Robert, Adam and John were dead, and had not been convicted
(Coram Rege, Mich. 36 Edw. Ill, m. 17 Rex).
1377, March i.-Will of Henry Sayvill; to be buried at Hudders-field;
mentions sons John and Thomas and daughters Joan and Alice; no property
or place of residence mentioned; proved April 7 following (Halifax
Wills, vol. 2, p. 215).