Post by taf Post by Peter Stewart Post by taf Post by Peter Stewart
As for a link between Ailona and Gisclafred of Carcassonne, I wonder if
this marriage has been projected onto these individuals from some later
source regarding different people with similar names. I can't find
Ailona except for her nephew's statement in 862 and no document I can
find naming Gisclafred even establishes that he was married in the first
I note that she is listed on Aznar's Wikipedia page, without source.
The proposed marriage of Ailona to Gisclafred appears to be a serial
conjecture: her nephew Witisclo described her as daughter of Aznar
Galindez in 862, and a probably forged charter of Wifred I of Barcelona
ostensibly dated 20 April 888 mentioned his aunt of the same name
("amita sua, nomine Eilone"). This was printed as authentic by Devic &
Vaissette but considered false by Ferdinand Udina Martorell in 1951 (*El
Archivo condal de Barcelona en los siglos IX-X*, pp 107-108 no. 5*).
In order to make sense of two men calling Ailona/Eilona aunt (apparently
26 years apart, but assumed to be the same woman), and one naming her as
daughter of Aznar Galindez, it seems that someone has decided to
interpret "amita" in the earlier charter as paternal aunt and in the
later as aunt-by-marriage, making her by default into the wife of
Gisclafred the presumed uncle of Wifred and providing the latter with an
otherwise unknown cousin Witisclo.
It doesn't subtract from the 'otherwise unknown' part, but the Wikipedia text interprets the name Witisclo as being the same as Guntislo, a name that also appears several generations later in the Counts of Aragon (specifically an illegitimate son of Galindo Aznar II, generally agreed to be identical to the Guntislo Galindez who held Aragon under the Pamplona crown after the death of Galindo II).
Ubieto Arteta in *Historia de Aragón* gave the name as Gutisclo -
according to the testimony he gave in 862 his aunt Ailona held the
domain of Settereto for 30 years after her father had given it to her
before passing it on to him. This was in Cerdagne, where Aznar Galindez
was made count at an unknown date after his expulsion from Aragon at the
hands of his son-in-law. Higounet placed the grant of Cerdagne to him
after the fall of Bera in January 820, but this is just guesswork.
Post by taf
Based on the same reasoning whereby Eilona need not have been a Visigoth, because the growing legend of her apparent namesake predecessor Queen Egilona would lead to the names usage independent of ethnicity, it could also be argued that not every instance of the name in the second half of the 9th century need refer to people related to each other, let alone to the exact same person.
The aunt of Wifred was linked to possessions he had acquired in Berga,
that is immediately south of Cerdagne, and east of Urgell where Aznar
Galindez is also supposed to have been count - though Ubieto Arteta said
that nothing was known about his tenure there. Wifred's father Sunifred
became count in both Cerdagne and Berga after Aznar Galindez, and I
would have little trouble accepting that he had a sister named Eilona,
who in that case may have been a relative but not the daughter of Aznar
Galindez. The forged charter giving her as aunt of Wifred says nothing
about her father, but identifying her with the lady who held property in
Cerdagne over several decades before the 860s is not an implausible
alternative except that then "amita" could not mean paternal aunt.
Witisclo is unlikely to have been an otherwise unknown brother of
Wifred, as he did not have enough family clout behind him to regain his
holding in Cerdagne when dispossessed.
Whatever the solution to this, I can't see that marrying Ailona to
Gisclafred fits the evidence well enough to be at all persuasive.