2017-05-14 23:38:31 UTC
Any help from the team here would be most apprecaited. The summary of some of the info seems to imply the kinship was based on his brother Gilbert of Elsfeld being one of Hugh Despenser's knight's, and therefore his arms were similar to Despenser arms. That does not quite fit in my mind and I would like the imput of the great minds here to try to settle this issue.
Richard of Elsfeld, brother of Alan of Elsfeild served as the Constable of Boreaux, Gascony from 1318-1320. I suspeect his appointemnt was arranged by Hugh Despenser to expand his influence. Richard's time in Gascony went very badly.
Source: Richard of Elsfield as Constable of Bordeaux, 1318-20
Esme Pole Stuart and Hilda Johnstone
The English Historical Review
Vol. 52, No. 205 (Jan., 1937), pp. 23-38
In 1327, Gilbert de Elsfield, who died in 1397, applied for a royal licence to ‘impark’ his wood at Elsfield which would give him the right to protect young trees from grazing animals and also to preserve his own deer. There is no written record to show that he actually did this but Cole concludes that the purlieu was made between Woodeaton and Elsfield running from the Islip road to the Cherwell, i.e. along the northern boundary of the parish. Gilbert also obtained a grant of free warren which gave him the right to hunt small game such as roe deer, rabbits, pheasant and duc
Gilbert de Elsfield, who sought to empark his wood, was the last man of his line, but his daughter Anne left a daughter Joan, who in 1407 married John Hore of Childerley in Cambridgeshire. Several generations later a daughter, called either Edith or Eliza, married as her second husband Rowland Pudsey, whose descendants were lords of the Manor until 1692.
Gilbert de Elsefeld (Elsfield)
Name(s): de Elsefeld (Elsfield), Gilbert
Addressees: King and council
Nature of request: [Petition badly damaged.]Gilbert de Elsefeld states that John de Seynte Eleyne, who married Juliana de Elsefeld, grandmother of the said Gilbert, had leased to Adam de Stretton £10 of land in Blunsdon for term of life and £5 of rent in the vill of Cricklade in the county of Wiltshire, of the dower of the said Juliana and of the inheritance of the same Gilbert. These tenements were seized into the hand of our lord the King, together with other lands and tenements of the said Adam, because of his forfeiture. [Gilbert and] John his father, son and heir of the said Juliana, have often sued by petition in parliament . . . our lord the King that that land and rent might be given to him as his . . . lord the king and his council that justice and reason be done to him . . . cannot have other estate in the said land and rent than the said Adam had.
Nature of endorsement: [Not visible, due to damage to ms, and it is impossible to tell whether there was ever an endorsement. This is the endorsement edited in Docs. Illus. English History p.32: 'The Treasurer, Barons and Chamberlains of the Exchequer are to be ordered by a writ of the great seal, containing the entire effect of the petition, to examine the memoranda and muniments in the Treasury which belonged to Adam de Stretton, and to inform themselves on what they can find concerning this business: and if that is not sufficient to determine the business etc., then they are further to inquire in the Exchequer, and they are to inform the King in Chancery of what they have found in the Exchequer or by that inquiry: so that he might further ordain a suitable remedy for the complainant etc.']
Places mentioned: Blunsdon, Wiltshire; Cricklade, Wiltshire
People mentioned: Juliana de Elsefeld; [John de Seynte Eleyne]; Adam [de Stretton]; John [de Elsefeld], son and heir of Juliana de Elsefeld.
Note: The Latin summary of the petition is enrolled on the roll of the October parliament of 12 Edward II (1318) (Docs. Illus. English History p.32).
Date: [? 1318]
For another petition by the same petitioner on the same matter, see SC 8/178/8880
For the former reference number of a portion of this petition which has subsequently been reunited with this fragment, see SC 8/155/7702
For a much later but related petition, see SC 8/84/4158
For another petition by the same petitioner on the same matter, see SC 8/1/35
HARNESS PENDANT (found at Bushwood, Warwickshire)
Unique ID: WMID-6F4932
Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published
An incomplete cast copper alloy heraldic horse harness pendant with remains of enamelling, dating
to the 13th/ 14th century AD (length: 32.1mm; width: 20mm; thickness: 2.4mm; thickness at loop:
6mm; weight: 5.75g). This shield-shaped pendant has a suspension loop at the top that is due to
wear and corrosion and with decoration on the front only in the form of a black strip of enamel
running diagonally from the top left corner down to the right. There are three incised six-pointed
stars appearing at irregular intervals on along the black enamel, with the remains of red enamel to
the top and bottom fields of the decoration. There is no decoration on the back of the artefact. The
pendant is in a worn but fair condition with a dark green patina.
The heraldic pendant and its coat of arms have been studied by Irene Szymanski with the help of Jim
Halliday, who clarifies the following information:
‘The design is unique amongst recorded arms. The piece probably shows the arms of Alan Elsfield -
when new, the background would have been divided into four with two of the segments red (still
visible); the other two would have been silver. The red segments would have had a lattice pattern in
gold. The diagonal band (known heraldically as a "bend"), would have been black, and the stars
(mullets of 6) would have been gold (the whole thing is illustrated in the enclosed picture passed on
by Mrs Szymanski (arms1.jpg). The leftmost of Alan Elsfield's arms has "a fret" instead of "fretty" –
both arms are recorded, but I'm not sure which was on this pendant - I can see a diagonal line there, but that's about it. Elsfield was probably a knight of Oxfordshire; Elsfield is a few miles NE of Oxford itself. I say probably re Alan, because nothing is known of him other than his name, which occurs alongside a note of his arms in three places (Segar's Roll, circa 1282; The Lord Marshall's Roll, circa 1310; Collins' Roll, circa 1295). He wasn't necessarily alive at all of those dates, but it does place him broadly as a contemporary of Edward I, and presumably involved with that monarch's wars against the Welsh and the Scots. There are two men who share the name Elsfield, Gilbert and John, who are thought to have been related to Alan. Their arms are not identical, but similar; note how
they use the same palette of colours. Gilbert is known to have been a knight of Hugh Despencer's,and Alan's arms suggest that he was also. Again, if you look at the picture, you'll see that Alan's arms bear a notable resemblance to Despencer's arms; you expect this sort of similarity if there is an
Blazons of relevant arms:
• Alan Elsfield: quarterly argent, and gules fretty or, over all a bend sable charged with three mullets of six
• Gilbert Elsfield: barry undy argent and sable, a label gules
• Hugh Despencer: quarterly argent, and gules fretty or, over all a bend sable
I would like to say a big thank you to Irene Szymanski and Jim Halliday with their help in writing this record.
Sub class: heraldic
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder
Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Post AD 1250
Date to: Ante AD 1320
Dimensions and weight
Length: 32.1 mm
Width: 20 mm
Thickness: 2.4 mm
Weight: 5.75 g
Date(s) of discovery: Monday 11th July 2005
Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Caroline Johnson
Identified by: Ms Caroline Johnson
Secondary identifier: Mrs Irene Szymanski
Materials and construction
Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Enamel
Manufacture method: Cast
Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Warwickshire (County)
District: Warwick (District)
To be known as: Bushwood
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.
Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land