2018-04-30 18:08:23 UTC
At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and 'Pagans' in Medieval Hungary, c. 1000 to c. 1300, Nora Berend: “As a result, he had his son, (already crowned, and ruling over a part of the country as “younger king”), marry the daughter of the Cuman king. During the wedding feast, ten Cuman lords swore over a dog ‘cut into two by a sword, as is their custom, that they would hold the land of the Hungarians, as men faithful to the king, against the tartars and barbarous nations’. That swearing an oath while cutting a dog to pieces was a Cuman custom is confirmed by Jean de Joinville’s account, whose source, the eyewitness Philippe de Toucy, recounted a similar ceremony”.
Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages: A Cultural History, Piotr Goreck and Nancy W. Deusen: “The ceremony also known from the Steppe was then performed, cutting a dog in two by a sword, as is their custom, that they would hold the land of the Hungarians, as men faithful to the king, against the tartars and barbarous nations’.
Central Europe in the High Middle Ages: Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c.900–c.1300, Nora Berend, Przemysław Urbańczyk, Przemysław Wiszewski: “Their baptism and the marriage of a Cuman chieftain’s daughter to Bela’s son Istvan, during which Cuman leaders swore an oath over a dog cut in two, was meant to guarantee the Cuman’s fidelity to the king”.